Johann Gottlob Immanuel Breitkopf

Johann Gottlob Immanuel Breitkopf (* November 23, 1719 in Leipzig, † January 28, 1794 in Leipzig ) was a German music publisher and typographer.

Breitkopf was the son of the publisher Bernhard Christoph Breitkopf, who founded the publishing house Breitkopf & Härtel. He designed fonts, including the significant Breitkopf Fraktur.

Breitkopf is regarded as one of the inventors of music engraving. He revolutionized the music note printing by divided the types into smaller segments. Following Breitkopf developed the plan to produce maps also typographically. He presented in 1777 in the Scriptures About the pressure of the geographical charters a wider public.

Goethe held during his Leipzig studies often in Breitkopf 's home. He participated in lovers performances and music events and was friends with Breitkopf's daughter Theodora Sophie Constantia ( Constanze, 1748-1818 ).


He married on September 25, 1746 in Leipzig Friderica Constantia Brix with whom he had five sons and four daughters, including:

  • Bernhard Theodor (* 1749, † 1810-1820 in Petersburg), a friend of Goethe and composer of his poems in the " Leipzig Songbook "
  • Christoph Gottlob (1750-1800), heir and head of his father's business, also a friend of Goethe
  • Theodora Sophia Constantia (1748-1818), the first Egle in Goethe's The mood of the lover and writer.


  • Magazine of the book and art trade, which are to the best of Sciences and Arts of the meaning related news message. Leipzig 1780

In the arts

  • Portrait made ​​by an unknown artist and published in 1868.