Johann Heinrich Friedrich Link

Heinrich Friedrich Link ( born February 2, 1767 in Hildesheim, † January 1, 1851 in Berlin) was a German naturalist who yet fully mastered one of the last the entire knowledge of " natural philosophy ". Its official botanical author abbreviation is " Link ".

Life and work

As the son of a preacher studied Link 1786 at the Georg- August-Universität Göttingen medicine and natural sciences. He received his doctorate in 1789 Dr. phil .. In 1792 he received the Duke of Mecklenburg Professor of natural history, botany and chemistry at the University of Rostock. In 1797 he visited Johann Centurius of Hoffmannsegg Portugal. The result of this study tour was a work on the flora of Portugal, which appeared from 1809 to 1820.

In 1811 he went as a full professor of chemistry and botany at, which was founded after the Peace of Tilsit Silesian Friedrich Wilhelm University in Breslau. For the Office year 1814/15 he was elected rector. He also held the Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm lectures on scientific topics.

After the death of Carl Ludwig Willdenow he took over in 1815 at the equally new Friedrich-Wilhelms- University of Berlin Professor of Natural History and the Director of the Botanical Garden Berlin. 1816/17 he was again rector. He was co-founder in 1822 of the German Horticultural Society and was incorporated on August 17, 1845 in the Prussian Order Pour le Mérite for Sciences and Arts. Link died a month before his 84th birthday.

Link was one of the few German botanist of his time, who sought all-round knowledge of plants and with solid systematic research taxonomic and physiological joined.

1783 Link was inducted into the Masonic Lodge " Gate of Eternity " in Hildesheim. As a result, he was an active member of lodges in Rostock, Breslau and Berlin. Special Services to the Freemasonry he acquired as Grand Master of the Grand Lodge " Royal York, called to friendship 'between 1831 and 1850.


  • Basic teachings of the anatomy and physiology of plants. Göttingen in 1807.
  • Addenda to the basic teachings etc. Göttingen 1809.
  • The primitive world and antiquity, illustrated by the Natural History. Berlin. From 1820 to 1822. (2nd edition 1834)
  • Manual for the detection of nutzbarsten and most abundant crops. Haude and Spener, Berlin 1829 Digitized edition of the University and State Library Dusseldorf First Part (1829 ).
  • Second Part (1831).
  • Third Theil ( 1833).


  • With Christoph Friedrich Otto: Icones plantarum horti Selectarum regii botanici Berolinensis. 10 vols, Berlin 1820-1828.
  • With Christoph Friedrich Otto: Icones plantarum horti rariorum regii botanici Berolinensis. Berlin from 1828 to 1831. Continues with Johann Friedrich Klotzsch, 1841-1844.
  • With Count von Hoffmannsegg: Flore portugaise. Berlin from 1809 to 1840.