Johann von Hiller

Johann Baron von Hiller (* October 13, 1754 in Reggio, Italy, † June 5, 1819 in Lviv ) was an Austrian general and commander of the Maria Theresa Order.


Johann von Hiller was the son of a colonel who had begun his career as an ordinary soldier and last commandant in Brody was. He was 15 years old cadet in k.k. Infantry Regiment No. 8 in 1783 and promoted to lieutenant. As captain of the Warasdiner border regiment he participated in the war against the Turks under Laudon part, was Major and Lieutenant Colonel and finally received for the storming of Novi 1788 the Maria Theresa Order. For his services at the siege of Gradiška 1789 he was colonel. 1790 appointed him Laudon his adjutant general. Since 1794 he was a Major General in 1796, he commanded a brigade of the Army of the Rhine and took up in 1801 in the Netherlands, Italy and Germany in the war against France in part. In the battle of Zurich in 1799, he had suffered a Beinverwundung and limped ever since.

In 1805 he was Lieutenant-General and Commanding General in Tyrol and Vorarlberg. After the capitulation of Ulm, he had the task to unite with the main army of Archduke Karl. He finally succeeded in by a clever retreat in southern Styria. At the outbreak of the War of 1809, he led the VI. Army corps in the army of Archduke Charles. Then further associations were placed under him, so that he commanded all the troops in Bavaria and Upper Austria. On April 20, it reached Napoleon at Landshut and forced him to retreat. It succeeded, however, that to compete in perfect order and continue to remain powerful. Thus he was able to hit on April 24 at Neumarkt-Sankt Veit the French under Bessières. For this feat of arms, he was awarded the Commander's Cross of Maria Theresa Order. About Burghausen he went back to Linz and early May hit successfully in combat at Ebelsberg at which the Vienna Landwehr was involved. In the Battle of Aspern-Essling on 21 and 22 May, he led the right wing and threw the enemy after stubborn fighting from the site. Nine times the place changed its owner, but eventually Hiller was able to hold there. After the victory, he was appointed field -marshal. Before the battle of Wagram he resigned " due to sudden and severe disease " ( in truth well but because of a disagreement with the Archduke Charles ) his command.

In the campaign of 1813 he was given command of the army in Inner Austria, which later became the " Italian Army " was. Although Eugene Beauharnais was stronger then him, he was able to push him over Tarvis in the plane and on about Vicenza and Verona. It however did not succeed to take the city itself. In 1814 he was, in the meantime had fallen ill, was appointed Commanding General in Transylvania and later in Galicia. There he died after prolonged suffering. Johann von Hiller was called a " Radetzky his time ", as he was militarily successful not only, but also how this was especially liked by his care for the troops at the soldiers. As Theresa Ritter he had been raised in 1789 in a baron.

In 1896 (2nd district) was named the street after him and Hiller in Klagenfurt the Johann Hiller Street in Vienna Leopoldstadt. The Hiller barracks in Linz- Ebelsberg in unmittelberer near the battle space of 3 May 1809, also named after him.