John J. Gardner

John James Gardner ( born October 17, 1845 Atlantic County, New Jersey; † February 7th, 1921 in Indian Mills, New Jersey ) was an American politician. Between 1893 and 1913 he represented the State of New Jersey in the U.S. House of Representatives.


John Gardner attended the public schools of his home. During the Civil War he served 1861-1865 in a volunteer unit from New Jersey, which belonged to the army of the Union. In the years 1866 and 1867 Gardner studied at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor Jura. But he has not worked as a lawyer; instead he was in the real estate business and in the insurance industry operates. At the same time he began a political career as a member of the Republican Party. In 1867 he was a town councilor in Atlantic City; 1868-1875, he served several times as mayor of this city. Then he was back in the city council. Gardner was now also official coroner ( coroner ) in Atlantic City. From 1878 to 1893 he was a member of the New Jersey Senate, which he was president in place of Garret Hobart in 1883. At the time, Gardner also worked in agriculture. In 1884 he was a delegate to the Republican National Convention in Chicago, was nominated on the James G. Blaine as their presidential candidate.

In the congressional elections of 1892 he was in the second electoral district of New Jersey in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of James Buchanan on March 4, 1893. After nine elections he could pass in Congress until March 3, 1913 ten legislative periods. In this time of the Spanish-American War was from 1898. Meanwhile, Gardner was chairman of the Committee on Labor. In 1912 he was defeated by Democrat J. Thompson Baker.

After the end of his time in the U.S. House of Representatives John Gardner was active again in agriculture. He died on 7 February 1921 in Indian Mills.