John James Ingalls

John James Ingalls ( born December 29, 1833 in Middleton, Essex County, Massachusetts; † August 16, 1900 in Las Vegas, New Mexico ) was an American politician ( Republican), who represented the state of Kansas in the U.S. Senate.

John James Ingalls attended school in Haverhill, but also received private lessons. He continued his education at the Williams College, where he graduated in 1855. His thesis was entitled Mummy Life ( mummy life) and presented a satirical view of the college everyday dar. He then studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1857.

1860 Ingalls moved to the Kansas Territory, where he settled in Atchison. He joined the anti - slavery movement and worked with them to make after the Kansas border war a slave- free state. As a member of the Constitutional Convention of Wyandotte is attributed to him, to have suggested the later state motto Ad Astra per Aspera.

After recording of Kansas into the Union was Ingalls Secretary of the State Senate, to which he then belonged to himself in 1862. During the Civil War he served as military judge ( Judge advocate ) in the militia of Kansas. National gained fame Ingalls with his articles for the newspaper, published in Atchison Freedom's Champion.

In 1873 the Republicans Ingalls was finally elected to the U.S. Senate, where he replaced Samuel C. Pomeroy. After multiple re-election, he spent 18 years in Congress, where he campaigned for the rights of workers and farmers. He also supported the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887. During the same year he was elected president pro tempore of the Senate, he remained out of parliament on 2 March 1891 until his departure.

John James Ingalls died in 1900 in New Mexico. His statue, created by Charles Niehaus, was five years later in the National Statuary Hall Collection in the Capitol in Washington DC positioned. There, each state is represented by two statues of famous personalities; next Ingalls this is for Kansas, former U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower. There are at the political level always endeavors to replace the only little-known senator with an image of missing aviation pioneer Amelia Earhart. His son Sheffield (1875-1937) was 1913-1915 Vice- governor of Kansas.