John Taylor Gilman
John Taylor Gilman ( born December 19, 1753 Exeter, New Hampshire, † September 1, 1828 ibid ) was an American politician and 1794-1805 and 1813-1816 Governor of the State of New Hampshire. Between 1782 and 1783 he was a member of the Continental Congress.
Early years and political rise
Gilman attended the local schools of his home. He then worked in the shipbuilding business his father. When his father was treasurer of New Hampshire in 1775, he followed him, and was employed in his office. John Gilman supported from the beginning to the American independence movement and struggled at times in the Revolutionary War in a volunteer unit.
Between 1779 and 1781 he was a member of the House of Representatives from New Hampshire, from 1782 to 1783 he was a member of the Continental Congress. After that, he was, as his father's successor, also treasurer of the State of New Hampshire. He held from 1783 to 1788 and again between 1791 to 1794 this office. In 1794 he was first elected governor of his state.
Governor of New Hampshire
John Gilman took up his new post on June 5, 1794. He was re-elected annually until 1804 and remained so until the first of June 6, 1805 in office. In the years 1805, 1806, 1808 and 1812, he tried unsuccessfully each for a return to this office. Between 1810 and 1811 he was again a member of the House of Representatives from New Hampshire. In the years 1813-1815 he was elected to the office of governor, so that he had a more coherent government time between June 3, 1813 through June 6, 1816. During his tenure, the ruined Fort William and Mary was rebuilt. The court system of the state was reorganized, and at Dartmouth College, a school of medicine was founded. During his second consecutive term in office he had to deal with the British -American War, which also includes New Hampshire had to make a contribution.
In 1816 Gilman gave up another nomination for governor, and retired into private life. He was then curator of some schools. He died in 1828 in his native Exeter. John Gilman was married three times and had five children. His brother Nicholas Gilman ( 1755-1814 ) was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives and 1805-1814 U.S. senator for New Hampshire. A great-nephew named Charles J. Gilman ( 1824-1901 ) was a local politician in Maine and 1857-1859 Member of Parliament for this state in the U.S. House of Representatives.