Jonathan Dayton

Jonathan Dayton ( born October 16, 1760 Elizabethtown, New Jersey; † October 9, 1824 ) was an American politician from the state of New Jersey. He was the third speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives and later a senator.


His father was Elias Dayton, dealer and well-known local politician. He made in 1776 at the College of New Jersey its conclusion. The former College of New Jersey is now the Princeton University. During the Revolutionary War, he fought in the third New Jersey Regiment and was at the age of only 19 years already the rank of captain. After the war he began to study law. Dayton married Susan Williamson and they had two daughters, the date of their marriage is unknown.

Political career

Dayton was in 1787 as an envoy from New Jersey there when the Constitution of the United States was signed, which came into force in 1789. He was the youngest of all the participating messengers. In 1789 he was indeed elected to the House of Representatives, but resigned from his position only after the second election in 1791. During his time in the House of Representatives from 1795 to 1799 he was the spokesman of the fifth and sixth Congress. Like most Federalists, he supported the fiscal policies of Alexander Hamilton and the suppression of the Whiskey Rebellion. After his time in the House of Representatives from 1799 to 1805 he was Senator of Class 2

End of career

Dayton's career came to an abrupt end after he was accused of high treason in 1807. He was involved in the conspiracy of Aaron Burr, who in 1806 wanted to unite the Spanish-speaking areas of North America to a state. After Dayton's release from prison, he did not make it back onto the political stage. He died on 9 October 1824 in his hometown of Elizabethtown, New Jersey. He is buried in the St. John 's Episcopal Cemetery in Elizabethtown.


The city of Dayton, Ohio, was named after him because he owned there at that time about 1,000 km ² land and he also hesitating for the construction of the Miami canal without entered. In fact, he never put a foot in the city. In addition, the Jonathan Dayton High School was named in the township of Springfield to him.