Josef Terboven

Josef Antonius Heinrich Terboven (* May 23, 1898 in Essen, † 8 May 1945 in Skaugum in Oslo, Norway) was Gauleiter of Essen and Reich Commissioner for the occupied by the German Empire Norwegian areas.


Terboven was the son of a farmer and a Catholic. After attending the elementary school and the Humboldt - secondary school, after completion of the Lower Sixth in May 1915, he volunteered as a volunteer. He first came to the field artillery, then to the Air Force. He was awarded the Iron Cross Second and First Class. In 1918 he was discharged as a lieutenant R. d. In granting the departure secondary school leaving certificate of his school ( Abiturjahrgang 1916) followed from 1919 to 1922 to study law and political science in Munich and Freiburg, which he did not graduate.

1923, Terboven the NSDAP and participated in the same year the Hitler - Ludendorff - Putsch in Munich. In 1925 he founded the local chapter of food, which he headed as he was the leader of the Essenes SA. In 1928 he was Gauleiter of Essen.

In the general election in 1930 was Terboven for the NSDAP elected to the Reichstag ( Constituency 23 - Dusseldorf West). The mandate for his defense in the next, nor free elections and kept it in the Nazi Reichstag.

On 29 June 1934 he married Ilse Stahl, a former secretary of Joseph Goebbels. After the seizure of power by the National Socialists Terboven was appointed Prussian State Council and ( in addition to his official party position as Gauleiter ) on February 5, 1935, President of the Upper Rhine Province.

In 1936 he was appointed SA -Obergruppenführer.

After the German occupation of Norway Terboven was on 24 April 1940 in Oslo Reich Commissioner and supported as though the collaborationist government under Vidkun Quisling and his party Nasjonal Samling, but exploited on the other side in the interest of the German war economy, the country economically and pursued a tough policy against the increasing resistance of the Norwegian population. He thus became the symbolic figure of the German oppression and exploitation policy. 1943/44, Arno Schickedanz worked in the bar line of Terboven.

On the day of the German surrender, he committed suicide by explosives in a bunker on Good Skaugum suicide. In the same bunker before the SS and Police Leader of Norway, Wilhelm Rediess had committed suicide.

His remains were in the family vault in the town cemetery food Frillendorf, Ernestine Street, buried.

Terboven all fonts have been set in the Soviet zone of occupation on the list of proscribed literature.