Joseph A. Califano, Jr.
After visiting the Brooklyn Preparatory School, he studied at the College of the Holy Cross and earned there in 1952 with a Bachelor of Arts (BA). A subsequent post-graduate studies of Rechtswissenschaftem at the Law School of Harvard University, he finished in 1955 with a Bachelor of Laws ( LL.B. ). During his studies he was editor of the Harvard Law Review. Shortly thereafter he was admitted to the bar in the District of Columbia and the State of New York.
He then began his military service in the U.S. Navy and was named after his retirement from active service as a civilian employee in April 1961 by Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara. First, he was special assistant to the Supreme legal adviser to the Ministry of Defence and then in July 1962 Special Assistant to the Minister of the Army (U.S. Secretary of the Army ). Most recently, he was himself Chief Legal Adviser ( General Counsel ) of the U.S. Defense Secretary in July 1963.
In July 1965 he was appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson to his special assistant for domestic policy.
After the end of the Presidency Johnson in January 1969, he worked as a lawyer and most recently 1971-1977 partner of the law firm of Williams & Connolly, a law firm with 200 lawyers and based in Washington, DC.
In January 1977 Joseph Califano by President Jimmy Carter as health, education and welfare minister ( Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare ) was appointed to his cabinet. This cabinet post he held until 1979. As Health Minister, he sat down for a smoke-free United States and saw a possible date for the smoke-free in 2000.
In 1983 he joined as a partner named after Thomas E. Dewey law firm Dewey Ballantine, which employs 500 lawyers based in New York City. Califano remained their partners until 1992. Moreover, he was from 2003 to 2005 Member of the Board of Viacom and since 2004 member of the board of Midway Games and Willis Group Holdings. He was also a member of the board of CBS, Chrysler and the American Ditchley Foundation.
Califano is also actively involved in numerous other organizations and institutions such as the Council on Foreign Relations and as trustee ( Trustee ) of the Caring Institute, The Century Foundation, the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts and the Urban Life Institute.
As chairman of the company founded in 1992 the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse ( National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse ) at Columbia University, he has been fighting against drug abuse and addiction prevention.
Califano was in addition to the publication of his autobiography also the author of numerous contemporary history books. Among his major publications include:
- A Presidential Nation. Norton, New York NY, 1975, ISBN 0-393-05528-0.
- Governing America. An Insider's Report from the White House and the Cabinet. Simon and Schuster, New York, NY 1981, ISBN 0-671-25428-6 ( autobiography ).
- America's Health Care Revolution. Who Lives? Who Dies? Who Pays? Random House, New York NY, 1986, ISBN 0-394-54291-6.
- The Triumph & Tragedy of Lyndon Johnson. The White House Years. Simon and Schuster, New York NY, inter alia, 1992, ISBN 0-671-66489-1 (biography).
- Radical Surgery. What's Next for America 's Health Care Times Books, New York, NY 1994, ISBN 0-8129-2413-4.
- Inside. A Public and Private Life. Public Affairs, New York, NY 2004, ISBN 1-58648-230-0.
- High Society. How Substance Abuse Ravages America and What To Do About It Public Affairs, New York, NY 2007, ISBN 978-1-58648-335-7.
- How To Raise A Drug -Free Kid. The Straight Dope for Parents. Simon and Schuster, New York NY, inter alia, 2009, ISBN 978-1-4391-5631-5.