Joseph Nicolas Robert-Fleury

Joseph Nicolas Robert -Fleury ( born August 8, 1797 in Cologne, † May 5, 1890 in Paris) was a French painter.

Robert -Fleury was descended from a French family of artists. He came early to Paris, where he became a pupil of Horace Vernet and Antoine -Jean Gros. Then he continued his education in Italy and settled in Paris in 1826, where he mainly devoted himself to the romantic direction of history painting. His main works are expected to:

  • Scene of the Massacre of St. Bartholomew ( 1833),
  • The colloquy at Poissy 1561 (1840),
  • "Galileo before the Inquisition tribunal " (1847 )
  • Jane Shore insulted ( 1850) after conviction by a mob in London
  • Pillage of a Jewish house in Venice in the Middle Ages (1855, the latter three in the Luxembourg Museum), Charles V at Yuste (1856 ),
  • The arrival of King Clovis at Tours and
  • Baldwin of Boulogne Edessa (both in Versailles).

In the main hall of the Commercial Court in Paris, he painted the

  • Appointment of Judges 1563
  • Proclamation of the trade order of 1673,
  • Napoleon I receives 1807, the Commercial Code and
  • Napoleon III. Visit to the new commercial court.

Robert -Fleury became too high recognition; he became director of the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris and the Academy of France in Rome. In addition, he was taken on January 24, 1857 in the Prussian Order pour le Merite for Arts and Science as a foreign member.

His son, Tony Robert -Fleury was also a great painter.


Galileo before the Inquisition Tribunal