Julius Faucher

Julius Faucher (* June 13, 1820 in Berlin, † June 12, 1878 in Rome) was a journalist and an important German representatives of free trade and Manchester liberalism.


Faucher father was a member of the French colony in Berlin. He married in 1845 Caroline Sommerbrodt, daughter of a hatter from Berlin.

1844 learned Faucher John Prince -Smith know and shortly thereafter they founded the little important Berlin Free Trade Association. In 1848 he became editor of the financial news on the Baltic sea (later Ostseezeitung ) in Szczecin; this newspaper advocated free-trade views.

Faucher represented the liberal idea with particular stringency and demanded, among other things, a denationalization of security tasks and the abolition of taxes, which makes him one of the first ( German ) market anarchists at all.

In 1848, revolutions broke out across Europe, Faucher took part in riots in Stockholm on 18 and 19 March.

Faucher in 1850 became editor of the Berlin Evening Post, which develop into free-trade fight sheet and with the Press Act should come into conflict. Soon after, the economic basis for the sheet was removed.

Faucher then went to England, where he worked as a correspondent for several German newspapers. He was also editor of the London Morning Star, a major free trade newspaper, and even temporarily the secretary Richard Cobden.

1861 Faucher returned back to Germany, where he was then elected in the same year in the Prussian House of Representatives for the German Progress Party. The House of Representatives was Faucher first 1862-1866, then again from 1867 until 1870. 1863 he founded the quarterly journal of economics and cultural history, which should be the most important medium of the German free-traders and Manchester liberals.

He joined in 1866 from from the Progress Party and joined the founded by him and 14 other former members of the Progressive Party and nine former members of the Centre Party, the National Liberal Party. Occasion of the split was the Indemnity Bill Otto von Bismarck.