Jutta Limbach ( born March 27, 1934 in Berlin as Jutta Ryneck ) is a German legal scholar and former professor at the Free University of Berlin and a politician of the SPD. From 1994 to 2002 she was president of the Federal Constitutional Court and 2002-2008 President of the Goethe -Institut.
Jutta Rynecks grandmother Elfriede Ryneck was member of parliament for the SPD, her father Erich Ryneck (1899-1976) was also a Social Democrat and after the end of World War II short-term mayor in Berlin- Pankow, before moving to the forced merger of the SPD and KPD to West Berlin. She attended the Girls' High School and was Head Girl. The law school she graduated in 1958 with the first state examination, the clerkship in 1962 with the second state examination. In the year she joined the SPD. From 1963 to 1966 she was councilor at the Academic Department of Law at the Free University of Berlin. In 1966 she was there his doctorate with a thesis on the theory and reality of the GmbH as a doctor of law. Your doctor father was the lawyer and legal sociologist Ernst Eduard Hirsch. The habilitation was in 1971 with a thesis on the social action, thought and knowledge in the judge's decision.
In 1972, Limbach a reputation as professor of civil law at the Free University of Berlin. In 1982 she was a visiting professor in Bremen. It is, among other things in eV of the Advisory Board of the Association Contacts Контакты - Association for contacts with countries of the former Soviet Union ( Berlin) volunteers.
From 1987 to 1989 she was a member of the Scientific Advisory Council for Family Affairs at the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth. From 1987, Limbach was a board member of the Society of Legislation and currently she is a member of its Advisory Board. In the years 1992 and 1993 she was a member of the Joint Constitutional Commission of the Federal Council and the German Bundestag.
After the election of Walter Momper in the election to the Berlin House of Representatives on January 29, 1989, she was appointed senator for Justice in Berlin. This position she held until 1994.
In March 1994, she was first appointed to the vice president of the Federal Constitutional Court and Chairman of the Second Senate; In the same year she was appointed as the successor of Roman Herzog as President of the Court of Parliament. At the head of the German Constitutional Court, she stood up to reaching the age limit in 2002.
From 2002 to 2008 she was president of the Goethe Institute.
Since 2003 she is chairwoman of the " Advisory Commission in connection with the return of Nazi- confiscated art, especially from Jewish property ", also called Limbach Commission, which deals as a state institution with looted art and their return to the heirs.
She is a member of the Foundation Board of the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade to 2007 and was chairman of the German Language Council, on whose behalf it has issued the book " Ausgewanderte words ". Since 2009, Limbach is the Chairman of the Media Council of the media authority of Berlin -Brandenburg.
In July 2007, Jutta Limbach was elected for six years in the University of the Ernst- Moritz- Arndt- University Greifswald, since 2011 she is the Chair of the University Council of the Art Academy Berlin- Weissensee.
- ' Theory and reality of the GmbH, the empirical normal types of the GmbH and its relationship to the postulate of rule and liability Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1966, ISBN 3,428,009,266th
- Jutta Limbach (ed.): Emigrated words. A selection of the most interesting contributions to international tender, " Emigrated words ." In: German Language Council, the Goethe Institute (ed.): words wander around the world. 1st edition. Hueber, Ismaning 2006 ( 3rd edition 2008), ISBN 978-3-19-107891-1.
- The scientist as a citizen and official. The relationship between science and politics, Wallenstein Verlag, Göttingen 2010, ISBN 978-3-8353-0766-7