K- Pop (Korean Popular Music) is a collective term for Korean- pop music and refers to a broad approach musical genre, which in the 1990s in the Korean music world as an analogue established itself to the Japanese J-Pop. In South Korea, the style is often called Gayo ( 가요 ). K- Pop reached by the Korean wave worldwide notoriety.


The beginnings of today's music, which is associated with this genre should have been anchored around the end of the 19th century in the Korean culture. It is intended to have been heavily influenced by the then Japanese popular culture. Although the Korean singers were quite talented, they were forbidden because of the colonial position to express themselves artistically. The next crucial point in the development should have been in the period from 1950 to 1960 organized by U.S. troops concerts which are supposed to have the South Koreans brought closer to another piece of modern Western culture. As a result, many young bands founded after the American model. This results in three different styles of music should quickly have derived:

  • After Western model designed Boy and girl groups that provide mainly their attractiveness to the fore.
  • A technically more difficult and older Genre: Trot, whose roots go back to the influence of Korea by Japan during the colonial period, and a predominantly older crowd responded.
  • In the 1960s, many singer-songwriter had her breakthrough in their songs and gave personal experiences and difficulties of life.

In the early 1990s, established himself - going back to South Korea pop musician Seo Taiji - a fourth genre. The emergence of the group Seo Taiji and Boys in 1992 thus seen as a turning point for South Korean pop music, as the group had elements of Western music genres rap, rock and techno incorporated into their music. The tremendous success of Seo Taiji and Boys in South Korea and also other experimental groups continued the trend for the present generation of K- pop groups and artists.

Current situation

After the import of Japanese music (J- Pop ) was allowed in 1999, sales of which rose steadily, but play only a minor role in comparison with the Korean wave. In Asia, K- Pop is widely used in other countries and some more popular than the competition, which is attributed in part to the superficial attractiveness of the musicians who in turn often has its origin in cosmetic surgery.

In particular, the three major talent agencies SM Entertainment, YG and JYP take at a very young age, children under contract and train them. You get foreign languages ​​, dance and singing lessons, and general education. They also learn impeccable manners and dealing with fans and journalists. For the trainees get points, and those with the highest scores are finally selected for a pop group. For the casting bands thus formed, the term "South Korean idols " or simply " Idols" was coined.

Regarding the treatment of the stars of their talent agencies, it comes in South Korea again to controversy. Thus, the trainees often sign "slave contracts " by which the talent agency receives major impact on the private lives of individuals, while the trainee / Star has little impact on its financial remuneration. A well-known example is the group TVXQ, SM Entertainment in 2009 sued because the 13 -year contracts are too long and they hardly would get money for their success. The court gave them right after which three of the members left SM Entertainment and JYJ founded. Thanks to the international success of K - Pop and the greater influence of foreign companies, however, it comes more and more to a rethinking of the parties, and long-term contracts over 13 years are becoming increasingly rare. However, the payment of the K-pop singers will remain poor because the management to pay the training, dance training, the choreographers, wizard, songwriter and the " residence" and this will be deducted from the salary of the stars.

In Malaysia, K-pop is used more and more often to overcome the cultural and language barriers of Malays, Chinese and Indians, as this style of music is popular in all ethnic groups.

With K- Pop is meant in Korean songs, nowadays, with a few English words. If a Korean Künster record a song entirely in English, so this falls into the category of pop. This explains that the concept of K- Pop does not refer to the origin of the artist. This is often misunderstood by fans of the genre, as South Korean artist and more often give a Japanese -language debut, the fans might call this K- Pop K-Pop or Japanese; since K - Pop but is a particular style of music, would japanese language pop songs, even by South Korean artists, fall in the category J-Pop.