The kadarka is a very old red wine grape whose origins and today's main occurrence is found in the Balkans and Hungary. The main areas of cultivation of the vine are mainly in Hungary, next to it are also many vineyards in Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania - known there as Kallmet - Macedonia and planted with this grape. Macedonia is also true as the actual country of origin of kadarka.
The kadarka places very high demands on soil and cultivation; in particular can be problematic for yield and quality of their very late ripening at high inclination of the rotting berries. Also in the vinification of this vine is very costly. Probably for this reason, go the acreage in their range back strong. The medium size, very thin-shelled, round berries have slight spice flavors; they form large, cylindrical grapes.
Fully successful varietal wines can reach high quality levels; the tannin and extract rich dark wines age well and are very suitable for blending with other grapes. In inadequate care and lack of due diligence in the development of the kadarka provides only rather watery average wines.
The best varietal wines from this grape are especially pressed in the region Szekszárd in southern Hungarian Villány. Previously, the kadarka was the carrier type of the most famous Hungarian wine Tokaji after, the Egri Bikavér. This is the role of today easily cultivable, stronger and more profitable Gamay.
The most important among the many synonyms for this vine is: Blue kadarka, Blue Hungarian, Branicevka, Budai Fekete, Cerna Giza, Cetereska, Gamza, Gimza, Gomza, Gymza, Jenei Fekete, Kadar, Kallmet, Kek Budai, Kék kadarka, Kereszetes Levelue, Lugojana, Meco Cerna, Modra kadarka, Mor kadarka, Mosler Black, Black kadarka, Scutariner, Sirena, Skadarka, Skavar, Török Szölö, Törökbuza Szölö, Tokaynero di Scutari, Hungarian noble grape, Vrachansko Cherno and Zherni Shipon.