Kaeng Krachan National Park
The Kaeng Krachan National Park ( Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติ แก่ง กระจาน ), with an area of 2915 square kilometers, the largest national park in Thailand. It is located in the district ( Amphoe ) Kaeng Krachan ( Thai: อำเภอ แก่ง กระจาน ) of Phetchaburi province on the border with Myanmar. The Phetchaburi Province in the southwestern part of the central region of Thailand. Together with other protected areas he is part of the Western Forest Complex. To the south is bordered by the Kui Buri National Park.
The national park was founded in 1981 as the 28th national park of the country.
Location and topography
The western boundary of the park at the same time forms the border with Myanmar to the east is the Kaeng Krachan reservoir that supplies the adjacent population with electricity and water.
The topography is characterized by hills and mountains that rise up to 1200 meters above sea level.
Flora and Fauna
The park is dominated by evergreen or deciduous forests which occupy 95 % of the area.
In addition to viable populations of elsewhere endangered large animals such as the Asian elephant, Asiatic, sun bear, Asiatic Wild Dog, Malayan tapir, banteng, gaur, leopard, clouded leopard, Siamese crocodile ( Crocodylus siamensis ) and Indochinese Tiger ( Panthera tigris corbetti ), occur numerous other mammal species including the Sambar, Tenasserim muntjac, Kleinkantschil, serow, binturong, pork badger, Malayan pangolin and golden jackal are worth mentioning. Among the monkeys you will find the white-handed gibbons, Bindenlangur, Southern Brillenlangur, Long-tailed Macaque, Northern Pig- and Bärenmakak.
In addition, the park offers numerous rare bird species such as the Woolly-necked Stork, Grey-headed eagle ( Icthyophaga ichthyaetus ) Rotachselpapagei ( Psittinus cyanurus ) and Malaienuhu (Bubo sumatranus ) a refuge. To the Kaeng Krachan reservoir you will find many water birds, such as grebes, ospreys, herons Bacchus and several kingfisher species. Overall, the park is home to 58 confirmed species of mammals and 355 species of birds.