Kaii Higashiyama

Higashiyama Kaii (Japanese东山 魁 夷; born July 8, 1908 in Yokohama, † 6 May 1999) is an internationally known Japanese landscape painter in Nihonga style. Many of his works are of Modern Art in Tokyo and Nagano to see the National Museum.


After childhood and youth in Kobe in 1931, he finished the study of Japanese painting at the Art School Tōkyō, Tōkyō today's art school. From 1933 to 1935 he studied art history at the University of Berlin and visited frequently the environment to paint the landscape. Higashimaya was impressed by the German Romantic Caspar David Friedrich and introduced in Japan.

His paintings are clearly structured, obtained by extremely fine brush strokes and subtle color shades a high richness of detail, but of course affect overall stylized and radiate tranquility.

Higashiyama used very subtly, the traditional Kirikane - art in gold and silver dust is applied. This leads, as in the study for a mural for the Imperial Palace, to its vivid, in the true sense of the word can be seen here golden sand beach and silver Wellengischt. Also in the works echo from 1958, which is highly stylized branches, this technique is applied, but fails to look very closely at.

A more familiar work is the way in 1950, which is nothing more than a way in a green landscape, but by the special Technique an extremely lively transparency in high detail ( path meshing, pebbles, blades of grass ) receives.

To find his works are mainly in museums in Nagano, Kobe and adjacent to the Seto Bridge in Kagawa, but they also decorate the Japanese Imperial Palace and Japanese places of worship such as the Toshodai -ji in Nara. His paintings Valley in the mist (1989 ) as a gift in the possession of the Museum of Asian Art (Berlin).

Higashiyama is an honorary citizen of the city of Ichikawa. There is also a separate memorial, Higashiyama Kaii the Memorial Hall.


  • Bavarian Order of Merit
  • Pour le Mérite for Arts and Science
  • Mainichi Art Award (1968 )
  • Appointment as Bunka Kōrōsha, the person with special cultural merits (1969 )