Kaltensundheim is a municipality in the district Schmalkalden- Meiningen in Thuringia. She is a member and the seat of the administrative community Hohe Rhön.

  • 2.1 Population development
  • 2.2 Place name
  • 3.1 Structures
  • 3.2 Regular events
  • 4.1 Economics
  • 4.2 traffic
  • 4.3 Public bodies
  • 4.4 Education



The place is about 15 km (air line ) west of Meiningen, near the border with Hesse in the Valley of Felda, which rises a few kilometers south-west below the elbow. The most prominent mountains are the Hemschenberg to the southeast, the Alte Mark in the south and the east Leichelberg. The model airfield Rhön- Dolmar is located on the western edge of the Dolmar in the district, which lies 460 meters above sea level on average.

Neighboring communities

Two kilometers north is Kaltennordheim ( in Wartburg district), in the west Kaltenwestheim, in the south Erbenhausen with his district Reichenhausen, to the east behind the Leichelberg is Aschenhausen.


Kaltensundheim belongs Kaltennordheim to the cold villages, mainly due to the unfavorable position behind the mountains lying to the south.


The historic village was first mentioned on 23 December 795, in the Middle Ages it was called " Kaldin Sundheim ". The Romanesque church castle was built in 1495 at the highest point in town.

Kaltensundheim was located in a border region of Ostfrankenreiches, the military was managed by a Marquis, whose castle was well above Neidhartshausen. The administrative center of the cent was in Kaltensundheim. The counts of Nithardishusen were probably related to the Counts of Henneberg, who inherited the estate after their extinction in the 13th century.

In the 14th century Henneberger Counts was divided into several side lines, and a Count Berthold von Henneberg - Schleusingen acquired from his cousins ​​the cent Kaltensundheim with Reichenhausen, Erbenhausen Oberweid and Unterweid, Kaltenwestheim and Kaltennordheim. Between 1445-1475 ruled the contentious Count Heinrich XI. ( VIII ) of Henneberg - Schleusingen (* 1422, † 1475 ) ( the Restless ) through the Office Kaltennordheim, which included the place. His reign was characterized by numerous feuds and conflicts with neighboring dominions.

With the death of Count Ernst von Henneberg in 1583 extinguished the once mighty Henneberger Graf house, an inheritance contract regulated the succession of the different parts of the country. The Cent Kaltensundheim fell to the Duchy of Saxony (1547-1572) ( Ernestine ). The new sovereign raised in 1601 on the existing districts cents and prompted the establishment of a local court in neighboring Kaltennordheim. 1615 has been diverted from that of Kaltensundheim for Kaltennordheim a special Zentgraf office. The remaining places in Kaltensundheim now formed a circuit court, which was called the " Lichtenberg rear court ." At the same among the localities: Kaltensundheim Wohlmuthhausen, Gerthausen, Schafhausen and the two manors upper and lower Weimar forge and the court Gereuth. Since 1660, the village belonged to Saxony- Weimar. He came in 1672 to Saxe- Eisenach and in 1741 to Saxe-Weimar- Eisenach. 1816, the rear court was taken away from me Kaltensundheim of the judicial office Ostheim (Lichtenberg ) again and beaten for Justice Office Kaltennordheim.

1920, Kaltensundheim the Free State of Thuringia. From 1945 to 1990, the residents had to experience some limitation. The farmers also went the way of the East German agriculture and formed after the collapse of the agricultural cooperative Rhönland eG.

Population Development

Development of the population (31 December):

  • 2000: 949
  • 2001: 934
  • 2002: 926
  • 2003: 895
  • 2004: 898
  • 2005: 895
  • 2006: 866
  • 2007: 844
  • 2011: 787

Place name

The name is derived from the cool weather, sand stands for the south (similar to cold northern and western home ). In Rhoener Platt the place is called Soinde.

Culture and sights


  • The landmark of the village is built in 1604 fortified church in the Gothic style, which takes on a limestone rock the highest place of the village and is the result of an old castle. A six to seven meter high wall and the tower of 1495 have been preserved.
  • The site is characterized by half -timbered houses, special mention is the bakery in 1704, in the village informed a museum about the history, the rural traditions and the history of the GDR. There is a historic fountain.

Regular events

Among the regular events of the village

  • Carnival events in November and January / February
  • The day of the open door of the volunteer fire department Kaltensundheim on 1 May
  • The angler Festival in May
  • The sports festival and
  • The Song Festival in the summer months
  • The Village Fair in October

Economy and infrastructure


In the village there is a farmers' cooperative and other businesses.


Through the village the main road 285 Bad Salzungen to Mellrichstadt leads as important north -south connection in the eastern Rhön. In this ends in a place that coming from Meiningen country road 1124.

Public institutions

Kaltensundheim is the seat of the administrative community Hohe Rhön and the water and wastewater association, Hohe Rhön.


In the village is the Thuringian Rhön National Gymnasium. Five classes of the school participated in the painting of the flags in the National Memorial Sculpture Park German unit field.


  • Annette Markert, contralto
  • Stefan Wolter, historian, founder of the initiative thinking MAL Prora