- Altaic languages ( disputed) Turkic languages Kipchak languages Karakalpakisch
The karakalpakische language ( karakalp. Qaraqalpaq tili, Qaraqalpaqsha ) is a Turkic language and belongs to the subgroup of Kipchak ( northwestern Turkey ) languages.
Other names for the language are Karaklobuk, corny and Klobouki and from Turkish Turkish Studies Qaraqalpaq Türkçesi or Karakalpak Türkçesi ( karakalpakisches Turkish) known.
Speaker and distribution area
Main distribution area is the autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan in the north- western Uzbekistan. In the 1989 census, 398 573 Karakalpaks gave them as their mother tongue and 1,314 as a second language. Also, around 2,000 speakers living in northern Afghanistan. The karakalpakische language is closely related to the Kazakh and the Nogay. So also Kazakh, Nogai Karakalpakisch and form a common subgroup within the Turkic languages .
- See also: Comparative analysis of the Turkic languages
Only in 1924 was Karakalpakisch independent literary language, as for the case a modified Arabic alphabet has been introduced. In 1927 this was replaced by the unified Turkish alphabet. As part of the introduction of a compulsory Russian lessons, the alphabet was replaced in 1940 by a modified Cyrillic alphabet.
In 1997, a new Latin alphabet was adopted for the Karakalpakische. This is referred as the other Latin alphabets within the Turkic languages as well as the "new Turkish alphabet ". It dispenses with the usual Turkish diacritics and largely corresponds to the Uzbek Latin alphabet.