Karl Felix Halm

Karl Felix Halm ( 1872, Charles Felix Ritter von Halm; born April 5, 1809 in Munich, † October 5, 1882 in Munich) was a German classical scholar and librarian.


Halm was the son of art dealer Felix Halm and his wife Maria Josepha Mair. He lost his father at an early stage. His mother married shortly after the art dealer Johann Nepomuk Waldherr and this had a commercial career for Halm in mind.

1826 graduated from the stalk (today ) Wilhelmsgymnasium Munich with distinction and even began to study classical philology in the same year in Munich. For the most part he was going student of Friedrich Thiersch. In 1830 he graduated summa cum laude from college.

Subsequently Halm got a job as a lecturer at the Ludwig Gymnasium in Munich. As in 1839, this educational institution was taken over by the Benedictine order, he went to Speyer and from there he was appointed in 1846 to the high school in Hadamar.

At the suggestion of the Minister of Culture of Frederick Ringelmann called King Maximilian II Joseph Halm rector of the newly founded Maximilian Gymnasium in Munich; this office had Halm held until 1856. As Halm received a professorship at the University of Vienna this year, he was appointed at the instigation of the Minister Theodor von Zwehl professor of classical philology and appointed to the University of Munich. At the same time he was entrusted with the management of the Royal Library (now the Bavarian State Library ).

In 1844 he became a member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences in Munich. He married Carolina Müller, the daughter of a school board.

Very controversial were his duplicate sales. For Halm was also the chief librarian Anton Ruland (1809-1874) from Würzburg publicly attacked. Sales straw also made sure tumultuous discussions in the Bavarian Parliament. Proceeds from related Halm for valuable purchases: He earned among others the library of the Orientalists Étienne Quatremère and the music library by Anton Friedrich Justus Thibaut.

Halm is best known as the editor of Cicero and other Latin prose writer, though he devoted considerable attention of the Greek language in his early career. After the death of Johann Caspar von Orellis he prepared together with Johann Georg Baiter a new critical edition of the rhetorical and philosophical writings of Cicero before ( 1854-1862 ).

His school spending some speeches of Cicero with notes and introductions to the main and Sauppe series were very successful. He also published a number of classical texts for the Teubner series, most notably Tacitus (4th edition, 1883); Rhetores Latini minores (1863 ); Quintilian (1868 ); Sulpicius Severus (1866 ); Minucius Felix errore together with Firmicus Maternus De ( 1867); Salvianus (1877 ) and Victor Vitensis ' Historia persecutionis Africanae provinciae ( 1878). In addition, he was an avid collector of autographs.