Khon Kaen Province
Khon Kaen ( Thai: ขอนแก่น ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the northeast region of Thailand, the Isaan. The capital of the province of Khon Kaen Khon Kaen is also called.
- 4.1 Data
- 4.2 dams
- 5.1 airport
The province is surrounded by the little fertile Khorat Plateau, about 360 kilometers northeast of the capital Bangkok.
- Khon Kaen,
- Chum Phae,
- Khon Kaen University (coordinates: 16 ° 25 ' 25 "N, 102 ° 48' 33 " O16.42348102.8093 )
- Rajamangala University of Technology Isan Khon Kaen Campus (coordinates: 16 ° 27 ' 20 " N, 102 ° 49' 44" O16.4555102.8288 )
The climate is - as elsewhere in Thailand - tropical monsunal. Between the hot season and the winter, however, there are extreme differences. The hot season is really hot, over 40 ° C in the shade is not uncommon. In winter, however, temperatures at night can occur below 10 ° C ( in places is also possible frost ), while the thermometer almost never falls into the rest of the country below 20 ° C. The land mass makes in the northeast already being felt, and were, leads to a local " continental climate ".
For many years, until about the 14th century, the region was dominated by the Khmer. This is reflected in its own customs, traditional music, dances and special in many well-preserved buildings from the Khmer Empire. The language of the Lao Isaan is rather used as the Thai languages.
Economic importance and
The area is like the whole Isaan relatively poor, the average income of the population is about 30 % of what you earn in Bangkok. Therefore, there is a general, but only temporary rural-urban migration: the people works in the richer areas and go -between back to their homeland, mainly to rice seed and harvesting; but also to Songkran return masses - especially from region Bangkok - back to celebrate in their home.
Nevertheless, forms Khon Kaen, Nakhon Ratchasima addition, the most important administrative and commercial center of the Northeast. Here is also the seat of a technical university, which was founded with German help, and a branch of the Thai - German Technical Institute. During the Vietnam War, the Americans built from the area's infrastructure in order to use it as a staging area. In particular, at that time known as the Friendship Highway was ( highway of friendship, Thanon Mittraphap built, today's National Road 2), which also promotes economic development today, after he was further expanded in the meantime.
In the year 2011 (2010) was the "Gross Provincial Product" ( GDP ) at the current market price of the Province 155 272 ( 150 606 ) million baht that GPP per capita was 81 884 ( 79 639 ) Baht.
In 2010, there were 1,368 factories in the province that had a total assets of Baht 71,206,090,959. In the factories 2011 47.648 persons were employed. In Khon Kaen, the agricultural area Rai 4,369,043, representing 64.2 % of the total area of the province is. In the agricultural sector 2011 324.879 people were employed. The Province has 142 hotels with 3,856 rooms.
The employment rate of over 15 years is 98.45 % and the unemployment rate 0.53%, the rate of Season Workers is 1.02%.
All figures in %
The Khon Kaen province has a total of 1,049 wetlands covering an area of 151.8 km ², which are more or less intensively used for agriculture.
- Ubol - Ratana Dam - was originally called Phong Neep; forms the largest reservoir in Isaan and is of a high and decorated in white Buddha statue (coordinates: 16 ° 45 ' 49 "N, 102 ° 37 ' 10" O16.763702102.619563 ) dominates. He is also a popular destination, especially to the rocky beaches " Pattaya 2 " ( Coordinates: 16 ° 38 ' 15 " N, 102 ° 32' 43 " O16.637446102.545252 and " Bang Saen 2" ( Coordinates: 16 ° 44 ' 21 " N, 102 ° 37 ' 45 " O16.739272102.629097 ).
- Khon Kaen ( KKC code ).
The area was inhabited already proven in the 4th millennium BC. Man pursued rice cultivation, animal husbandry and the production of ceramics.
Khon Kaen was in historical times to the United Kingdom of Dvaravati, which was replaced by the 8th century by the Khmer (Angkor ). Ayutthaya conquered the area, thus fell to Siam and finally in the initial phase of the Chakri dynasty under King Phutthayotfa Chulaloke Maharat ( Rama I ) was promoted. Most of today's villages ( Ban ) are spin-offs from the time of the 18th and early 19th century.
See also: History of Thailand and corresponding entry in Khon Kaen.
- Ban Na Di - archaeological place in Amphoe Nong Na Kham,
- Ban Phak Top - archaeological place about 15 km west of Ban Na Di, Amphoe Nong Na Kham.
- Phra That Kham Kaen - in Amphoe Nam Phong, a 19 -meter-high chedi is built over the stump of a tamarind tree ( Kham Kaen = hardwood logs). It stands within the Wat Chediyaphum and contains minor relics of Buddha. Temple festival on the full moon day of the 6th month (usually in April). The provincial capital received its name from this Chedi.
- Chonnabot - Amphoe Chonnabot is (also spelled Mud Mee ) across national borders, known for producing an excellent " Mat Mi" silk.
- Tham Fa Mu ( handprint cave ) - Phu Wiang Amphoe: the cave is seven meters deep and three meters high and 50 meters long; it was discovered in 1964 and contains nine human handprints.
- Prasat Pueay Noi ( Thai: ปราสาท เปือยน้อย ) - well maintained property of the Khmer Empire, located about 78 km south of the provincial capital of Khon Kaen in Amphoe Pueai Noi: three buildings made of brick on a common laterite foundation with differently shaped lintels of sandstone. The ensemble is surrounded by a moat.
- National Parks: Phu Wiang National Park ( อุทยานแห่งชาติ ภูเวียง ) - named after the mountain Phu Wiang; 352 sq km park is the 71st national park of Thailand, and is located 85 km west of Khon Kaen away.
- Nam Phong National Park ( อุทยานแห่งชาติ น้ำพอง ) - named after the Nam Phong River, which is dammed at Ubol - Ratana Dam.
- National Park Phu Kao - Phu Phan Kham ( อุทยานแห่งชาติ ภู เก้า - ภู พาน คำ ) - lies partly in the province of Udon Thani, which runs through the park Phu Phan mountain range.
- National Park Phu Pha Man ( อุทยานแห่งชาติ ภูผา ม่าน ) - near the Phu Kradueng National Park, was formerly a forest reserve (Phu poly Forest Reserve )
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of Khon Kaen shows the chedi of Wat Prathat Kam Kaen, which contains highly revered relics of the Buddha. Next to the chedi a tamarind tree ( Thai: ต้นมะขาม ) and a laburnum tree.
The local flower is laburnum tree ( Thai: ดอก ราชพฤกษ์ - Cassia fistula ), the local tree is the dwarf apple blossom ( Thai: กัลปพฤกษ์ - Cassia Bakeriana ).
The motto of the province of Khon Kaen is:
The Khon Kaen Province is divided into 26 districts ( Amphoe ). The circles are further subdivided into 199 communes ( tambon) and 1724 villages ( Muban ).
† The missing numbers 26 to 28 are reserved for other currently in planning circles: Phu Kham Noi ( ภู คำ น้อย ), Nong Kae ( หนอง แก ) and non Hin ( โนน หัน ).