As Kirdi a number of small sudan -speaking ethnic groups in northern Cameroon is called. These include Kapsiki, Tupuri, Fali, Daba, Mofu, Mafa, Mandara, Guiziga, Musgum, Mundang and Massa.
In contrast to the neighboring Islamic societies are characterized by traditional African religions. Kirdi is a probably originally derived from the Fulfulde term for unbelievers ( kaafir ).
With more than 1.9 million people, representing around eleven percent of the Cameroonian population. Most are ranchers or farmers. In pre-colonial times, they were assimilated by the expanding Fulani societies or was pushed into the protective layers of the mountains and into the marsh area of Tuburi.