Kirkcaldy? / I [ kɪrkɔ ː di] is a port city in Scotland. The city is situated on the east coast at the Firth of Forth, opposite the capital, Edinburgh. It is equipped with 47 090 inhabitants ( 2004 estimate ), the largest city in the administrative area of ​​Fife, whose capital but is Glenrothes. The name Kirkcaldy probably derives from the Britannic words cear (fortress) and caled (solid ) and the Gaelic word dun ( also fortress ) from. Another interpretation with the Scottish word kirk (church) and the Order of the Culdeer is now considered less likely.


Kirkcaldy first time was mentioned in the year 596, as the Battle of Raith west of the town is said to have taken place. In 1364 it was donated to the monks of Dunfermline Abbey. End of the 19th century was the world center of Kirkcaldy linoleum manufacture. Up to the present it is still home to one of the last four remaining plants in Europe ( Forbo ). Today it is a modern industrial and commercial city.


The Kirkcaldy north passing A92 ( Dunfermline Stonehaven ) includes the city on to the road network. With the A910, the A915, the A921 and the A955 running four other A- roads throughout the city. Already in the 19th century Kirkcaldy got its own railway station on the main line of the North British Railway. He is still in operation and is served by several train lines, including the Edinburgh to Aberdeen Line, the Fife Circle Line and the Caledonian Sleeper First ScotRail.


The Fife Free Press is a weekly newspaper published every Thursday. It contains local news, a sports section, the theater and cinema program, a job market as well as a page about school projects.

The Fife Herald & Post is a free newspaper which is distributed every week to every household.


The Raith Rovers play in the First Division, the second highest in the Scottish football league. The club plays its home games at Stark's Park. Her biggest rival is Dunfermline Athletic, also from Fife. In addition, the city has with the 1938 founded Fife Flyers of the oldest existing Hockey Club of the United Kingdom.


Kirkcaldy is Fife Opera's home.


  • Robert Adam (1728-1792), architect
  • Guy Berryman (born 1978 ), bassist of the band Coldplay
  • Gordon Brown ( born 1951 ), British Prime Minister - who was born in Glasgow and grew up in Kirkcaldy, Member of Parliament for Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath
  • Peter Dumbreck (born 1973 ), race car driver
  • Sir Sandford Fleming (1827-1915)
  • Jackie Leven (1950-2011), singer- songwriter and composer
  • Val McDermid ( born 1955 ), mystery author
  • Sir Ronald Munro -Ferguson, 1st Viscount Novar ( 1860-1934 ), sixth Governor-General of Australia
  • Bob Ross (born 1954 ), conductor
  • Adam Smith (1723-1790), founder of classical economics
  • John Thomson (1909-1931), football goalkeeper
  • Jocky Wilson (1950-2012), darts player


  • Ingolstadt ( Germany ) since 1962