Kit (association football)#Other equipment
Goalkeeper Gloves are specially developed for the purpose of ( soccer) goalkeeper gloves. Also in other ball sports, such as hockey, special gloves are worn by the goalkeeper.
By 1885 reported the Briton William Sykes to a glove for goalies with the Imperial Patent Office in Berlin. But it was the Argentines Amadeo Carrizo, who first used Goalkeeper Gloves in the 1940s. Could enforce the glove until 1970, after Gordon Banks at the Football World Cup 1970 in Mexico ventured the experiment and was wearing gloves specially made for all games. Until then, many goalkeepers played (even in the Football League) yet without or with simple protective gloves. In Germany goalkeeper Wolfgang Fahrian 1966, first goalkeeper gloves on the market - made of rubber. The lining was the same as that of table tennis rackets ( "Bacon Board ").
The development of the current goalkeeper gloves began in the 1970s. In collaboration with Sepp Maier and Reusch, the first so-called soft-grip goalkeeper gloves have been developed, which now real catch aids for the goalkeeper were calculated from the simple protective gloves. They arose out of a further development of medical rubber gloves. Since the late 1990s make up in addition to the previously dominant company also manufactures manufacturers of teamwear (such as Nike, Reebok and Puma ) Goalkeeper Gloves. Meanwhile, numerous models, cuts and linings are designed for many purposes - for lawn, artificial grass and hard courts, as well as for the hall. For rainy weather, there are special coverings. There is also goalie gloves with protection bars in the upper hand. They should finger injury caused by the impact force of the ball to prevent (e.g., twisting of the finger to the rear). So manufacturers use although very similar variants of this technology, but different names. Examples are: Adidas - Finger Save, Reusch = OrthoTec, Uhlsport = Support Frame / Frame bionics, Nike Spyne =. Also, goalkeeper gloves available in different cuts. Besides outer seam (also known as Traditional cut or flat palm ) are models as inseam ( also known as negative cutter, Negative Cut ( NC) or Inseam Cut ( IC) ) available. There are also rollfinger models, also known as Gunn Cut (GC).
The inner surface of the glove is usually made of latex foam, a mixture of natural latex and synthetic latex, and specific components. Mostly, these palm pads are 2-4 mm thick plus lamination. They are sensitive and can wear out quickly. Goalkeeper Gloves with stronger adhesive foams are cheaper generally available, however, offer a poorer grip. It is generally advisable to wet the glove inner surface prior to use and clean. As a result, wear is reduced and the grip can be optimized. Therefore, goalkeepers are frequently observed with the nature, hineinzuspucken in their goalkeeper gloves. Almost all models have a Velcro closure at the wrist.
To extend the life of sensitive adhesive foam, is often recommended by manufacturers to wash goalie gloves in lukewarm water with a little fine- washing detergent. In addition, special glove cleaners are available for goalkeeper gloves. Thus, the adhesive foam does not become brittle and brittle, goalkeeper gloves should not be dried in the heat or in direct sunlight, but only at room temperature one. By the use of a dryer is often recommended.