Kiyevskaya (Koltsevaya Line)

Kievskaya (Russian Киевская ) is the name of an underground subway station of the Moscow Metro on the Koltsevaya - line ( as a ring line or line 5 known).

The station was opened on 14 March 1954 under the last stretch of the line. It is architecturally very lavishly decorated and thus is regarded as one of the representative examples of the so-called Socialist Classicism at the subway construction.

Location and general information

The name derives from the Kievskaya (literally " the Kiev station ") is the Kiev railway station, one of the nine Moscow railway stations, the above ground is located in the immediate vicinity of the station. The station is thus part of one of the largest transportation hubs of the Russian capital. This next to the train station and numerous bus stops of city and intercity buses also includes the transfer hubs of Metro, which includes two of the same stations next to the station Kievskaya the Koltsevaya line. Where is the station of Line 3 was built in 1953 and in 1937 put into operation, flat scale station of Line 4 with the two Kiev - scale Koltsevaya is connected by direct transitions.

The 53 meters deep scale Kievskaya - Koltsevaya has two outputs that develop above ground the station square on both sides. The southern entrance is accessible directly from the platform hall with escalators, to the north and to the station of Filjowskaja line to get from the station hall, first by stairs and a corridor, then with escalators. Furthermore, there's the northern end of the platform hall of a separate transition to the station Arbatsko - Pokrowskaja line. This transition was erected in 1971.

End of 2006, a large shopping center was built opposite the reception building of the Kiev railway station at Station Square. Since then, one arrives from the north exit of the Kievskaya and a pedestrian underpass directly, without going through the street, in the building of the shopping center.


Like the entire Koltsevaya line was also the Kievskaya the time a prestige project of " spätstalinistisch " embossed architecture, which meant that the station architecturally elaborate in the Moscow subway system is one of the. Since the beginning of Kievskaya had the purpose to connect the Kiev railway station, which in turn represents the starting point of the main rail connection path between Russia and Ukraine, the Russian-Ukrainian relations was chosen as the main theme for the design of the station. The time of the station building was accounted for, appropriately, on the 300 th anniversary of the sealed by the Treaty of Perejaslav union of the Ukraine with Russia.

The train shed was designed similar to that of the overall construction forth other Moscow Metro stations: It consists of a central platform, which is in turn divided into a central part and in the two " real" platforms on the tracks, from the central part arcade -like each through a series of pylons are separated. On the white-painted vault of the central part of the platform hall hang several powerful gilded chandeliers that illuminate the hall.

The essential part of the architectural ensemble of the Kievskaya form the mosaics that adorn the walls of the central platform area at each of the 18 pylons. All these mosaics have the 300 - year history of the Russian-Ukrainian unity since the unification of the two countries on the subject. Thus, both the signing of the contract Perejaslawer be addressed as well as subsequent significant events such as the 1709 -won victory of Peter the Great at the Battle of Poltava. Many of the paintings are - typical of the Stalin era - and ideologically marked: as scenes from the common revolutionary struggle of the Russian and Ukrainian people and the construction of the Dnieper hydroelectric power plant are shown.

The Kievskaya - Koltsevaya was designed and created by a group of architects and artists of the " Academy of Architecture " of the Ukrainian SSR. The north wall of the station hall is decorated with a mosaic picture of Lenin, Stalin originally represented, but "corrected" in the wake of the so-called de-Stalinization of the late 1950s was correspondingly.