Kladno is an industrial town in the Central Bohemian Region, Czech Republic. It is located 25 km north- west of Prague.
The Kladno was first mentioned in 1318. 1561 was the collection to the city, with which was the privilege of authorization of two annual fairs and weekly markets connected. The city's coat of arms shows conferred on a blue field half a silver eagle and a lynx in natural colors.
The city remained relatively unimportant until the early 19th century, until the discovery of coal in 1840 made it an industrial center. 1830 was the commissioning of the second public horse-drawn railway in continental Europe between Soft / Vejhybka at Maßhaupt (today Kladno - Výhybka ), which was acquired in 1863 by the Buštěhrad Railway and replaced by a steam train. 1850, the coal mine was opened in Lucerna, 1889, The Poldi Hütte steelworks. Kladno was one of the centers of industrialization in Bohemia and therefore also had a very active labor movement. 1918-1920 took place many strikes and demonstrations here.
During the German occupation, the repression was particularly strong, especially known was the murder of the population of the nearby village of Lidice ( Lidice ).
After 1945, the city was to be developed into a communist model city and therefore was sometimes very encouraged today she has to contend with a number of environmental problems.
- Dubi ( oaks )
- Kladno - city
- Kročehlavy ( Maßhaupt )
- Rozdělov (Mark Scheid )
- Švermov (1957 by merging Hnidousy ( Nidaus ) and Motyčín ( Motitschin ) formed )
- Vrapice ( Rapitz )
Kladno is the site of the Faculty of Biomedical Engineering of the Czech Technical University.
- The castle was originally a fortified complex, of which did not change the Gothic vault. In the 1560 -ies a three-winged complex was built in the Renaissance style, which the architect Kilian Ignaz under construction management Dietzenhofer 1738-1740 received its present Baroque appearance. The west wing is one of the hl. Lawrence consecrated chapel with frescoes by JK Kolář. The castle is home to the Municipal Palace Gallery and the Museum of Local History Kladno and a branch of the Municipal Library. In the castle garden is a bear.
- The Town Hall was built 1897-1898 in neo-Renaissance style. The gable is decorated with a triptych, the figures from the mining and metallurgy shows. It is seat of administration of the statutory Kladno.
- The Church of the Assumption ( Kostel Panny Marie Nanebevzetí ) emerged at the end of the 19th century on the site of a Gothic church from the 14th century. It was built as a three-aisled basilica in the style of Neo-Romanesque.
- The nearly 30 -meter-high column Marie was created in the years 1739 to 1741 after a design by Kilian Ignaz Dietzenhofer by sculptor Karl Joseph Hiernle. Previously was at this point in the pillory.
- The fountain with a statue of St.. John of Nepomuk was renewed in 2003. The original from 1706 was destroyed in 1819; the remains were then to a restoration in 1968 the deanery garden
- Brewery Kladno
- Poldi Muzeum
- The Hotel of the Poldi Hütte ( Dum hostů Poldiny Hutě also " Poldi House " ) on the Příční ulice by Josef Hoffmann, architect of the Wiener Werkstätte, from 1903
- Monastery, built according to plans by Carlo Lurag
Kladno is the home of the ice hockey club HC Geus Okna Kladno and the football club SK Kladno.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Ančička Martin ( b. 1974 ), Czech- German ice hockey defenseman with the EV Regensburg
- Alfons Breska (1873-1946), Czech poet and translator
- Anton Joseph Cermak (1873-1933), mayor of Chicago from 1931-1933
- David Cermak (born 1970 ), professional hockey player at the Dresden Eislöwen
- Jiří Dienstbier (1937-2011), Czech politician and journalist
- Pavel Drsek ( b. 1976 ), the Czech football player
- Jaromir Jagr (born 1972 ), Czech professional hockey
- Václav Jamek ( b. 1949 ), Czech writer and translator
- Martin Matyk (* 1983), German speed skater
- Zdeněk Miler (1921-2011), Swedish character animator
- Petr Pithart ( b. 1941 ), Czech politician and lawyer
- January Platil ( b. 1983 ), Czech ice hockey defenseman for the Nuremberg Ice Tigers
- Antonín Pugzík ( born 1955 ), Czech officer
- Harry Slapnicka (1918-2011), historian, specialist journalist, editor in chief
- Petr Tenkrat ( b. 1977 ), professional hockey player
In the place lived and worked
- Rudolf Battěk, Czech sociologist, dissident and politician
- Marie Majerová, Czech Prosaistin, journalist, spent her youth in Kladno, 1947 was honored as a National Artist
- Svatopluk Karásek, Czech Protestant pastor, songwriter and deputy, worked in the local mines
- Miroslav Karny, Czech historian and Holocaust researcher
- Jiří Kolář, Czech poet and visual artist
- Ota Pavel, Czech writer, sports journalist, short story writer and journalist, pursues during the war as "half-breed ", lived around here and worked occasionally as a mining workers
- Karl Wittgenstein, an Austrian entrepreneur, founded in 1889 in Kladno steelworks Poldi
- Karl Adalbert Lanna, Bohemian industrialist
- Jiří Dienstbier, son of the politician Jiří service beer and also Czech politicians.