Kladovo ( serb. Kladovo / Кладово ) is a city in the Opština Kladovo and the District of Bor It is the administrative capital of the municipality of the same name.


In Serbian called the Kladovo, in Romanian it is known by the name of Claudia and the German name of the city or Kladowo Kladovo.

During the time of the Roman Empire the city was called Zanes. Then Slavs have the city of Novi called degrees ( Нови Град ). The Ottomans rebuilt at the present site of the city's fortress Fetislam. The first time the city appeared with its current name Kladovo in Austria -Hungarian maps 1596th

There are several Therorien how the city got its present name:

  • The city's name comes from the Celtic word kladiff (Eng. " cemetery ").
  • Kladovo comes from the word klad.
  • The name comes from the Slavic word kladenac (Eng. "good"), or from the Slavic word klada (Eng. "blunt" ).
  • Kladovo is derived from the name of the Bulgarian ruler Glad, who had reigned in the 9th century this region.

Furthermore, there is a settlement in Russia, also called Kladovo. It is believed that this settlement was founded by people from the original Kladovo in Serbia in the 18th century.


In ancient times a city called Zanes existed on the present site of the city. In the Middle Ages Serbs founded the city of Novi Grad ( Нови Град ) at its present location, but this city was destroyed by the Hungarians in 1502. The city by the Ottomans in 1524 rebuilt, and it received the name Fethi Islam ( Fetislam ). After the Ottoman traveler Evliya Cheleb who visited the city in 1666, most people spoke there regional language Slav, however, some people spoke Wallachian (Romanian).

In 1784 there were 140 Muslim and 50 Christian homes. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire people moved from central Serb areas in the city.

Before the water power plant Djerdap was built in the immediate vicinity of the city, the city was a small village, but which is also grown rapidly immediately after the construction of the power plant.

Geography and Tourism

Due to the many archaeological sites in the area and the water power plant Djerdap there are many attractions. The city is surrounded by the Danube in the north and northeast, and by a series of low mountains in the south, west and south.


The 2002 census (self- nomination) showed that 9142 people live in the village. More Census:


The core business is the hydroelectric plant " Djerdap ". The population around the city gets from the so-called "guest workers" money. These are family members who are abroad, especially Western Europe, work. This factor is in addition to agriculture the most important thing in the whole community.


Kladovo has a hospital, two daycare centers and kindergartens, a primary school (grades 1-8 ), a high school and several vocational schools. Though the Danube is very dirty, many people still catch fish in it. Before the hydroelectric power plant was built, the sturgeon and the caviar was exported as a delicacy to Western Europe and the United States of America.

The archaeological sites in the vicinity are the remains of the Roman Emperor Trajan, as well as one of his many tables, remnants of Trajan road over the Danube and the Roman fortress "Diana". 1856-1857 St George's Church was built.

During the Ottoman occupation of the Balkan Peninsula, a fortress was built near the city. The fortress Fetislam (originally FEHT -ul -Islam, means " Gate of Islam" ) was established in 1970 in a sports complex with children's playgrounds, athletics and football, handball, volleyball and tennis courts converted. The national park offers hunting grounds and many hiking trails (most trails are well marked or not kept).

The city has a hotel called " Đerdap " and a youth camp called " Karatas " (Turkish: kara - tash on German it means " black stone "). Kladovo has many cafes and restaurants, some with live music until late into the night. The city stretches over 3 km (2 miles ) along the Danube and offers very beautiful scenery to stroll.

Famous houses

A famous resident is the Vuk Stefanović Karadžić from, a Serbian linguist and reformer of the Serbian language.

Coat of arms

Former Small coat of arms in the SFR Yugoslavia