Small North end is a municipality southwest of Elmshorn in the district of Pinneberg, in Schleswig -Holstein.
- 3.1 Coat of Arms
- 3.2 community partnership
- 4.1 history
- 4.2 The Liether Kalkgrube today
Geography and transport
Small North end is located south of Elmshorn in a rural environment. In the West, the highway runs 431
On January 1, 1974 and on 1 January 1982 areas with at that time almost 300 inhabitants (1974 ) and about 100 inhabitants ( 1982) were transferred to the City of Elmshorn, respectively.
Of the 17 seats in the municipal council the voter community WG has since the local elections 2008 thirteen seats and the CDU and the SPD have two seats each.
Coat of arms
Blazon: "In red over a silver quarry stone an upright silver bunch of asparagus and two silver leaved cattail side by side. "
Since 1990, a partnership with the community Zempin on Usedom.
Brickworks and lime-kiln
During the construction of the railway line Altona- Kiel in 1844 strata were uncovered from the Permian to the present block location Lieth, including red clays from the Rotliegend. As a result, in 1847 there was the brick operation Rotenlehm, which degraded the tone and processed into bricks. When clay mining were encountered lime, which was also mined since 1925. The brickyard ceased to operate in 1965, the limestone quarrying in the Liether pit was continued until 1986. The old brick buildings are not listed and are abandoned to progressive deterioration.
The Liether Kalkgrube today
After the economic exhaustion of reserves, the mine remained as a geological monument and conservation area. By underlying the region Elmshorner salt dome old ground layers were pressed to the surface over 200 million years can thus be easily investigate. In the middle of the pit of the salt dome covering Kalkhut is visible, the pit gave its present name, is located in marginal areas a smaller Braunkohleflöz. The Liether Kalkgrube offers in northern Europe between Sweden and the resin the best insight into geological formations. Fossils and tool finds suggest that the area already served the Stone Age hunter-gatherers as a storage place about 10,000 to 14,000 years ago.
Since the mine is located on the historic Ox Road, it represents a popular stopover for cycling dar. addition to a trail around the pit introduces a geo -ecological trail to the pit center.
Additional points of interest
- The North German broadcasting regularly draws on a converted farm in the café small northern end, the Töverhuus, the mission Lüders pitcher.
- Also worth seeing is the village street, an avenue with trees growing on both sides.
Former Brickworks Rotenlehm Operating House ( 2000)
The Töverhuus Transmission location of the NDR
Memorial stone to the deepest ground drilling Germany End of the 19th century