Kodansha Manga Award
The Kodansha Manga Award (Japanese讲 谈 社 漫画 赏Kodansha Manga Shō ) is an award for manga. The Japanese publisher Kodansha, one of the largest publishers of manga in Japan, awards the prize annually since 1977.
The idea for a first version of the price was 1959, when the Shōnen Magazine was founded and is the 50th anniversary of the publishing house wanted awarded three awards. In addition to prices for photographs and illustrations Kodansha awarded in 1960 for the first time the Kodansha Manga Award for children (講談社 児童 まんが 賞Kodansha Manga Jido Shō ), a price for Japanese comics that were drawn for children. The price Shotaro Ishinomori, among others, and Shigeru Mizuki won was in 1969 awarded for the ninth and final time. Because of the 60th anniversary of Kodansha you missed in 1970, however, the Kodansha Culture Prize (讲 谈 社 出版 文化 赏Kodansha Shuppan Bunka Shō ) and recorded in the category of children's manga (児童 まんが 部門Jido Manga Bumon ) different artist and their works. Seven times it has been awarded and 1976 for the award.
A third attempt should be started already in the following year with the Kodansha Manga Award. It awarded the prize each year in the two categories Shōnen (少年 部门Shōnen Bumon ) and Shōjo (少女 部门shōjo Bumon ). The first winners were the manga pioneer Osamu Tezuka for his two works Blackjack and Mitsume ga Tōru, Candy Candy by Yumiko Igarashi and Kyoko Mizuki -san ga Tōru and Haikara of Waki Yamato.
In 1982, one his own or the general category (青年 一般 部门His Ippan Bumon ) and named them in 1999, at the 23rd ceremony, in " general category " (一般 部门Ippan Bumon ) around. It is considered the most important. Since 2003, the category Jido Manga Bumon (児 童 部门) exists, will be awarded in the manga for children. Josei manga will be awarded either in the shōjo category or in the general category. Sun Jun Fukami received Waru for the price in the general category and Tomoko Ninomiya Nodame Cantabile for in the shōjo category. His manga are also honored usually in the general category, however, one exception was Yuzo Takada his manga 3 × 3 Eyes, who won in the shōnen category. The first and only awarded special prize was 1985 Osamu Tezuka published by Kodansha for the complete edition of his works and his 40 years lasting work. Only five mangaka received the Kodansha Manga Award twice, Tezuka, Makoto Kobayashi, Daisuke Terasawa, Harold Sakuishi and Kaiji Kawaguchi, who won him even for three plants - Actor, The Silent Service and Zipang.
The winners will receive a certificate, a bronze statue and a prize of one million yen. A jury, consisting mainly of former laureates, writers and manga illustrators, determined from multiple nominees, the winner.
As with the Shogakukan Manga Award sponsorship is sometimes viewed critically by the publisher due to the ability to prefer publisher's own publications. 88 of 109 so far excellent manga (as of 2008) come from Kodansha itself