The Koltsevaya Line (Russian Кольцевая линия - " ring line " ), also called " line 5", is a line of Moscow Metro. It has a ( nearly) the annular flow and therefore connects most of the other lines of the Moscow Metro with each other.
- Park Kultury ( Парк Культуры? / I ), to transfer to the same station of Line 1
- Oktjabrskaja ( Октябрьская? / I ), to transfer to the same station on Line 6
- Dobryninskaya ( Добрынинская? / I ), to transfer to the station Serpukhovskaya line 9
- Paveletskaya ( Павелецкая? / I ), to transfer to the same station on line 2
- Taganskaya ( Таганская? / I ), to transfer to the same station, line 7 and line 8 station Marxistskaja
- Kurskaja ( Курская? / I ), to transfer to the same station of Line 3 and the station Chkalovskaya line 10
- Komsomolskaya ( Комсомольская? / I ), to transfer to the same station of Line 1
- Prospekt Mira ( Проспект Мира? / I ), to transfer to the same station on Line 6
- Novoslobodskaya ( Новослободская? / I ), to transfer to the station Mendelejewskaja line 9
- Belarusian ( Белорусская? / I ), to transfer to the same station on line 2
- Krasnopresnenskaja ( Краснопресненская? / I ), to transfer to the same station of Line 7
- Kievskaya ( Киевская? / I ), the transit traffic to the same stations of lines 3 and 4
The Koltsevaya line is considered as one of the most beautiful architectural lines of the Moscow Metro. Since its construction fell to the late Stalin era, which was characterized by the strong boom in the style of socialist realism typical of them, had all the stations of the line of their former purpose as " palaces for the people " do justice. Each station was built down according to individual project, which was created by renowned architects of the time. Mention should be made, for example, the station Komsomolskaya the project Alexei Schtschussews, which was this 1951 posthumously honored with a state premium: A 12 meters wide and 9 meters high, supported by marble columns station hall with mosaics and bas-reliefs on the ceilings - including the eight precious stone mosaics painter Pavel Korin, on which, among other famous Russian generals are shown. Also of Korin originate the stained glass and mosaics in the station Novoslobodskaya. The station Kievskaya contains in its pylons supported and ornate chandeliers lit hall numerous mosaics on the topic of Russian-Ukrainian friendship. For the station Park Kultury her clad in black marble walls are characteristic.
Depot and vehicles
The vehicles for the ring line represents the depot Krasnaya Presnya, located not far from the station Krasnopresnenskaja. It was commissioned in 1954. From 1950 to 1954, the line took advantage of the temporary car park of the depot Sokol line 2
Until recently, it was used for all trains on the line by 6 - car - sets of type 81-717/714. End of 2008, the depot received a first train of the newly developed modification of the type 81-740/741. According to the 2009 way past the test phase, these trains were used on the Koltsevaya - line in place of the older, in December 2011, the conversion of the fleet was completed.
Plans for a ring line in the Moscow subway had existed since the early days in the 1930s. After a project from the year 1938, the Ring Line should be much further away run from Moscow city center and therefore much longer. In 1943, however, decided to build the line in its present form, to relieve the interchange stations in the center. The line should all terminal stations in Moscow together ( an exception was made only in the case of the Riga railway station and the Savyolovsky regional train station ). The Koltsevaya line was created entirely underground. During the construction of numerous geological factors had to be considered: In four places the Moskva River is among crosses, also the line runs through many karst areas. Among other things, this made a particularly broad construction of the tunnel walls required.
The completion of the line was carried out in three phases. The first section opened on 1 January 1950 and included the southern 6.5 km from the station Park Kultury to Kurskaja. On 30 January 1952, a 7 km long section of Kurskaja add up Belorusskaja. On March 14, 1954, finally, the ring closure was carried out with the commissioning of the 5.9 km long west section of Belarusian to Park Kultury.
In the period after completion of three stations on the line were renamed. In 1961, the renaming of stations Kaluzhskaya and Serpukhovskaya in Oktjabrskaja or Dobryninskaya; In 1966, the station Botanitscheski Sad its present name Prospekt Mira.
Although the ring itself is complete, currently there are plans for two more stations on existing lines of Koltsevaya line. The one station has the project name Ploshchad Suworowa and will be built with connections to the extended line 10 between Novoslobodskaya and Prospekt Mira; because this station is only considered with an extension of that line far to the north out to be necessary, is not expected to start before 2015. Also a new station on the Kievskaya Krasnopresnenskaja - section is planned for further future, designed to provide an interchange with Line 8, whose extension to the west is gone also planned.