Komsa culture

The Komsa culture (even Finn - culture) was a stone-age culture of hunter-gatherers, which was around the year 10,000 BC in northern Norway. It is named after the Komsaberg near Alta in Finnmark, where the first remains of the culture were discovered in 1925.

The former distinction between a Komsa culture in the Arctic Circle, which made ​​use of stone tools, and a Fosna culture, which stretched from Trøndelag to Oslo Fjord, became obsolete in the 1970s. Although both used different tools, but belonged to the same culture.

Recent archaeological discoveries in Lapland raised the consideration that there is also a part of the Komsa culture have taken place, as old as those on the Norwegian coast.

These probably make a connection to prehistoric post- Swedish culture, which was located in the north central Russia and the eastern Baltic region. Here, the Komsa culture would have a hostile invasion suffered by these post- Swedish culture in northern Scandinavia.

According to today's view of the Komsa culture is the earliest colonization of the northern Norwegian coast, which started from the western and southwestern coast, and ultimately in the Ahrensburg culture in north-western Europe reached its peak. You probably followed the beginning of the cold period, when the Ice Age 11000-8000 BC came to an end, the Norwegian coastline to gain new areas for colonization. Some of them settled relatively early today Finnmark from the northeast, possibly via ice-free ports on the Kola Peninsula, but a real proof of this conjecture remains until today.

Archaeological evidence, however, indicate that the Komsa culture has always been facing the sea, they lived mainly by hunting seals and were good boat builders and fishermen.

Compared to the southern Norwegian Fosna, a variety of the same crop, the stone tools of the northern compatriots were relatively coarse and primitive, which is probably due to a lack of flint in the area.