The Kreidler 's metal and wire works G.m.b.H. Vehicle Kornwestheim near Stuttgart was a German manufacturer of mopeds, scooters, moped, small and light motorcycles from 50 to 80 cc. The company was founded in 1889 as Stuttgart's telegraph wire and cable factory A. Kreidler in Böblingen Road 52 in Heslach, published in 1903 in the Mörikestraße, and 1904 to Kornwestheim. The company went bankrupt in 1982. The Kreidler brand now belongs to the two-wheeler manufacturer Prophete, which distributes inter bicycles and scooters in bicycle and motorcycle shops.
The motorcycle production emerged from the metal factory which was founded in Stuttgart by Anton Kreidler 1904. In the early 1920s, collected Alfred Kreidler, the son of the founder, after completing his studies at the Technical University in Stuttgart constructive experiences in Berlin, among others, in the automotive industry. Following a personal inclination, designed, built and sold then he also fast bikes. There were 350 cc machines with stoßstangengesteuertem engine and an output of 12 hp after all, already. In the tank they carried the brand name " Pan ".
Kreidler set up in the 1980s, mopeds, scooters, moped, small and light motorcycles from 50 to 80 cc forth. With the development of motorcycles under the brand Alfred Kreidler Kreidler began in 1949, after he had taken over in 1942, the company management. The first was in 1951 Kreidler unthrottled engine bike with a 50 cc engine and a power of 2.2 hp, type designation K 50
The last new development, a 80 - cc Kreidler with horizontal cylinder and target design, no longer came on the market after the 12 March 1982 bankruptcy proceedings and the production had been discontinued.
The Kreidler brand exists in the form of the two-wheeler company Kreidler on. First, Garelli mopeds - with tanks of Kreidler mopeds Flory - sold under the name Kreidler. In 1986 the production of Kreidler bikes and 1996 the production of motorized two-wheelers was resumed. In-house development of these vehicles is low; it is limited to the collection of good components of Asian manufacturers. Kreidler was taken over by bicycle manufacturer Prophete in the 1990s.
The most famous model, the foil, was sold from 1957 - to 1967 only with fan cooling. There have been numerous models to last with 6.25 hp motorized moped Foil RS ( from 1967 to 1970 with 5.3 hp, from the mid-1970s with 6.25 hp) with air cooling. The brand name foil (as well as Amazon), was developed by the then head of the Kreidler - press department, which later became known through the television as a Olympic winter sports reporter Bruno Moravetz.
The foil and among the several alternatives market is exceptional in a claw gearbox. For the competitors, such as Hercules, Rixe, Maico and Zündapp it were draw key transmission with filigranerer internal shift mechanism. Only the mopeds and moped the competition Puch ( Austria ) and the late moped and light motorcycles Zündapp Kreidler had as the foil also claws transmission.
Foil - Mokicks were very popular with tuners, as a number of so-called Frisiersätze for these machines to improve performance - especially in the Netherlands - were available, their use was illegal. The performance of throttled engines was considerably raised: Some Kreidleristen drove a fan moped with the small insurance plate and the motor of the last version of the fan-cooled moped with 5.8 hp ( Foil TM - Tour model). It was not visually apparent when he illegally put under the sheets of the fan cooling, but instead allowed to drive 40-45 km / h 90 km / h. Distinguishing feature were the front brakes: the fast mopeds had a brake drum diameter of 150 mm (1969 to 1973) and 160 mm ( from 1973), while the moped versions had only 116 or 120 mm. This tuning measures were popular because of the high liability insurance premiums of about 450 DM / year ( in 1974, which corresponds to taking inflation into account a today's purchasing power of about 631 Euro ) up to about 780 DM / year (1982 corresponds to today 746 euro ) who were otherwise pay for a moped unthrottled.
In the Netherlands engineered Mokicks ( Bromfiets ) were sold: the Dutch versions of the foil Kreidler had made statutory basis unpopular in Germany cranks, but were partially provided with foot switch and foot anyway.
The 1981 still appeared Foil 80 variants were no longer able to enter the market because of the utter departure from the typical foil features. For 4000, - DM you got a light motorcycle with tubular frame and a vertical cylinder, which was indeed well made, but still had several shortcomings detail.
Since 1987, distributes the Dutchman John Bos Kreidler spare parts as well as new Floretts. He acquired the necessary production machines after bankruptcy in 1982.
The most famous moped Kreidler is the Flory, it was available in different versions: from 1975, the Flory MF 12 and MF 13 They differed from the 1977 -built MF 23 mainly through a round speedometer instead of a cockpit with tachometer, as well as spoke wheels instead of composite. In addition to the flagship MF 23, which had three gears, Kreidler built in 1979 nor the Flory MF 22 with a two- speed gearbox, and the Flory 2 with the Kreidler typical two -speed automatic transmission, as it is already in the MF 2 and MF 4 for use came. In addition to the Flory Kreidler made from 1980, the sports moped types Flott MF 24 and MF 25, which looked more like a moped than after a moped, but were only allowed to be 25 km / h. After Kreidler had gone bankrupt in 1982, Garelli made to 1985 mopeds Flory and flirting under the name Kreidler. Garelli wanted to follow in the footsteps of Flory in Germany; the moped was basically a Garelli, which carried the tank and the side panels of the Flory.
List of Kreidler models
- Foil RS (85 km / h moped with air cooling, 6.25 hp, five-speed foot control ) Price 1974: DM 2025.00 - after today's purchasing power: 2,841 €
- Foil TM ( moped with fan cooling, 5.8 hp, five-speed foot control )
- Foil RM (40 km / h moped with air cooling, 2.9 hp, four-speed foot control )
- Foil RMC (40 km / h moped with air cooling, 2.9 hp, four-speed foot control )
- Foil RMC -S (40 km / h moped with air cooling, 2.9 hp, ünfgang - foot gear )
- Foil LF (40 km / h moped with fan cooling, later air cooled, 2.9 hp, three-speed foot control )
- Foil LH (40 km / h moped with fan cooling, later air cooled, 2.9 hp, three-speed manual transmission )
- Foil ( moped with fan cooling, 4.2 hp, four-speed foot control )
- Foil RMC -E 50 (45 km / h scooter with fan cooling, 3.9 HP, automatic switching)
- K 50, K 51, K 52 Amazone
- J 50, J 51
- R 50 (Roller )
- Mustang, Mustang Cross, Mustang 80
- Foil 80, GT, RMC -B, RMC BG, Super 4, Super 5
- MP 01.02.19
And various mopeds:
- Flory MF 12/13/22/23
- Flott MF 24/25, G
- MF 2/4
- MF 30/33, MF 32, MF 34 as a cross- model
Records and achievements in racing
In 1965, Kreidler at a record-breaking run in the Great Salt Lake Desert in Utah for the first time the speed record for 50 cc motorcycles of over 200 km / h. Rudolf Kunz was measured with a recognized average of 210.634 km / h. In 1977 this was screwed up by the Dutchman Henk van Kessel at 221.586 km / h.
Both buildings in Stuttgart- Heslach still stand today, the exterior facades could be obtained almost true to the original.
World Champions on Kreidler in the 50 cc class
Kreidler moped foil, 2.9 hp to Year 1976, four-speed, 40 km / h and air cooling
Kreidler RMC -S five-speed (1980 ), moped, 2.9 hp, 40 km / h
Kreidler Mustang 80 (1981 ), five-speed, 8 hp, 80 km / hr ( ltd. )
Kreidler 50 cc Grand Prix racing machine by Jan de Vries
Kreidler cigar of 1965 ( record: 210.634 km / h on October 23, 1965 Utah / USA) in the two-wheeler Museum
Kreidler Van Veen road racing machine from 1977 in the Motorcycle Museum