Krishna Prasad Bhattarai
Krishna Prasad Bhattarai ( born December 24, 1924 in Varanasi, India, † March 4, 2011 in Kathmandu, Nepal ) was a Nepalese politician and prime minister, who led in 1990 a national movement for the restoration of a multiparty system in Nepal.
After attending school in Varanasi, he studied economics at the Banaras Hindu University and joined while still a student of the Indian National Congress and the Quit India Movement in 1942 and was therefore detained for some time. After that, he was co-founder of the first Nepalese Student Association, and was occasionally also its vice-president. In January 1947, he was also one of the founders of the Nepali National Congress and supported its policies through his work as a journalist. In 1950 he worked at the merger of Nepali National Congress and the Nepali Democratic Congress for the Nepali Congress Party and was soon one of the leaders of this party and was one of the main leaders of the revolution that led to the overthrow of the government in 1950.
Bhattarai 1960 Speaker of the House and spent for his criticism and opposition to the introduced in 1960 by King Mahendra autocratic system nearly 14 years in prison. After his release from prison he was in 1976, first acting President of the Congress Party before he was 1976-1996 President of the Nepali Congress party.
After the restoration of a multi -party system and democracy, he was appointed Prime Minister of the transitional government, which consisted of representatives of the Nepali Congress party and several communist parties.
His first term as Prime Minister lasted from 16 April 1990 to 26 May 1991. During this tenure, he led the first free elections in Nepal through for 30 years and pushed through a new constitution that guaranteed democratic rights. As prime minister, he made state visits to India, Japan and the United Kingdom and led in 1990 to a Nepalese delegation at a meeting of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) in the Maldives.
After the victory of the Nepali Congress party in the parliamentary elections, he was again on 31 May 1999 and was prime minister until March 22, 2000 office. Reason for his resignation after only nine months in office were tensions within the factions of the Congress Party. During his tenure, he reached, however, because of its commitment to fight corruption and nepotism great recognition.
Bhattarei, who died of multiple organ failure, was during his tenures as prime minister and foreign minister.