Krymchak language

Spoken in


The Krimtschakische language (self- designation кърымчах тыльы ) is a in the Crimea spoken of the Turkic Krimtschaken. They often regarded as a dialect of Crimean Tatar and was therefore also called Judeo - Crimean Tatar.

How many Jewish languages ​​it contains a large number of Hebrew loanwords. Before the Soviet era, the time of the People's Republic of Crimea, it was written with the Hebrew alphabet. In the Soviet Union of the 1930s, the language was written with the unitary Turkish alphabet, a variant of the Latin alphabet, as well as the Crimean Tatar language and the Karaim language. Today, it is written with the Cyrillic alphabet.

The speech community has been decimated by the Holocaust. When, in May 1944, almost all Crimean Tatars were deported to Soviet Uzbekistan, were many speakers of the language krimtschakischen among them, and many remained in Uzbekistan. Today, the language is almost extinct. According to the Ukrainian Census of 2001 living in Ukraine less than 785 Krimtschaken in the Crimea. Less than a hundred of the language are still powerful.