Kunda culture

The Kunda culture is one occurring 7400-6000 BC in the Baltic and northern Russia archaeological culture of the Mesolithic. Their widespread findings show significant similarities with those of the Mesolithic also Maglemosian culture of northern Europe and create a close connection to the Nahe. Successor of the Kunda culture was the Narva culture, which already dominated the sound processing.

Locations and characteristics

The Kunda culture is after one of the main localities, Kunda, Estonia, named. The site is located on the hill Hiiemägi east of the present city center, and on the hill Lammasmägi, which was a single island at that time. Other sites of the culture are among other things in sweater, Siimusaare, by the River Narva and Tartu in present-day district Ihaste and the estuary of the rivers Reiu and Pärnu. The Spätmesolithikum Their locations are assigned to the westestnischen islands as Kõnnu and Kõpu. There, people operated seal hunt.

The area was heavily wooded except for a narrow coastal strip on the Baltic Sea. Most sites of the Kunda culture are located near lakes, rivers and swamps. Culture is the first relatively sedentary settlement in the region; they do indicates a mixing of the collector with the fishing and hunting culture. Among the numerous animal bones, many objects made ​​of bone and horn are that have been processed into tools and typically have a simple geometric design.