Kuno Fischer

Ernst Kuno Berthold Fischer ( born July 23, 1824 in Sand Willewalde at Guhrau (Silesia ), † July 5, 1907 in Heidelberg) was a German philosopher and supporters of neo-Kantianism, which is also known as a historian of philosophy.


The son of the General Superintendent Karl Theodor Fischer (1787-1878) studied after his secondary school education in Poznań from 1844 in Leipzig and Halle philosophy, philology and theology, where he heard Johann Eduard Erdmann, among others, to Hegel. In 1847 he received his doctorate with a thesis on Plato's Parmenides and was then temporarily working as a tutor in Pforzheim. He habilitated in 1850 as a lecturer of philosophy in Heidelberg. 1853 him on charges of pantheism teaching permission ( venia legendi ) was withdrawn. In 1856 he was succeeded by futile attempts to get into Prussia authorization as a Privatdozent, an appointment as Professor of Philosophy in Jena, where he taught for 16 years. Fischer sat here his work continued on its extensive history of philosophy ( 11 volumes 1852-1901 ). Here he summarized the history of philosophy into line with Hegel as dialectical development process. Among other things, appeared in 1860 as Volume III and IV his controversial presentation to Kant In 1872 he accepted a call to Heidelberg. Kuno Fischer held in Heidelberg much acclaimed speeches to the 500th anniversary of the University of Heidelberg in 1886 and the 150th birthday of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in 1899. Kuno Fischer was married twice, his first wife was the daughter of a French officer, his second wife was Danish origin.

Kuno Fischer said to have been one of the most popular and beredsamsten German university teachers in the 19th century and shared together with the chemist Robert Wilhelm Bunsen reputed to be the bearer of most Professor anecdotes. His maternal uncle was the famous anti-Catholic publicist Otto von Corvin - Wiersbitzky.

One of his students was W. Somerset Maugham. Kuno Fischer was the father of Doctor Edmund Hardy (1852-1904), who in 1879 received his doctorate under him at the Philosophical Faculty of the Ruprecht -Karls- University of Heidelberg in philosophy.

Successor to his chair at Heidelberg was his pupil Wilhelm diaper band and after that his student Heinrich Rickert. Kuno Fischer found his final resting at the Heidelberg hill cemetery in the Division D, the so-called Professor series.


Fischer's history of modern philosophy Nietzsche ', strongly influenced in his image of modern philosophy, including Spinoza and Descartes ..