Ulrich worked from 1919 in the film and was initially manager. In 1932 he founded his first film company that Kurt Ulrich film, which produced several short films. In 1939 he was production manager at Algefa and from 1942 he worked for the Berlin Film.
After the war was Kurt Ulrich three years director of the Berlin Lustspielhaus of the West and briefly the guest stage "The Rainbow ". He founded in 1948 with the cameraman Kurt Schulz Berlin-based Berolinahaus -Film GmbH, from which, after the retirement of his partner in 1959 Kurt emerged Ulrich- Film GmbH.
Ulrich was one of the great filmmakers of the German postwar cinema. Besides several successful home movies, including the first West German color film Schwarzwaldmädel with Sonja Ziemann and other filmed entertainment Ulrich produced from the mid- 1950s, even sophisticated literary adaptations. At the award ceremony of the German Film Prize he received in 1960 for the production of the film Roses for the Prosecutor of the film strip in silver.