17.481597.098194444444Koordinaten: 17 ° 28 ' 53 "N, 97 ° 5' 53 " O
The Golden Rock ( burmese Kyaiktiyo, MLCT: kyuik hti: yu: ကျိုက်ထီးရိုး ဘုရား, IPA: [ tʃaiʔt íjóʊ ʰ ] ) is one of the holiest Buddhist sites in Myanmar.
In the language of the Mon word Kyaik ( ကျာ ် ) Stupa means yo ( ယဵု ) means " on the head of a hermit ." The word işi ( ဣ သိ in Mon ( from the Pali language, ရိ သိ, risi ) ) means " hermit ", " hermit ". So called Kyaik - htiyo about " the stupa on the head of the hermit ."
The Golden Rock on a hill near the small town Kyaikto in Mon State. He is regarded as a place of pilgrimage ( main time November to March) for Buddhists and also as an important tourist destination.
The location has a complex geological structure. The 1102 meter high hilltop on which the Golden Rock is located, consists of a volcanic Härtling ( basalt), which is blended with metamorphic rocks and older rocks from the Carboniferous. The burrs are sanded and indicate a overprinting since the Paleozoic. Since that time, also the Sittoung River cuts into the terrain. The surveys are on the border with fertile plains, which is by the sedimentation of rivers and the annual rainfall in the monsoon season a pronounced agrarian favor room. The adjacent hills are wooded and are used by shifting cultivation. By Schwendbau is hardly any primary forest present.
According to legend, the rock only two hairs of Buddha is kept in balance so that it does not fall. An old hermit by Buddha himself should have been given a hair relic, which he always kept in his topknot. Shortly before his death, he intended to build on a boulder for a relic pagoda, the exact same his skull. With the help of the king he sought the seabed off to such a rock. When he finally found him, he brought him to the mountain where he stands on the precipice today.
The Golden Rock has the rough shape of a human skull, but without exact details. On the rock is a stupa, the 5.5 meter long Kyaiktiyo Pagoda. Under the pagoda, the hair is to be located, which is protected by a reliquary. The rock has a coating of gold leaf. The pilgrims bring with small gold leaves that they stick to the most sacred rock. It is gold plated to approximately two meters in height. Women should not touch the sanctuary. The stupa is topped by a Hti.
The 5.5 meter high golden rock is granite. His coinage goes back to a running under tropical conditions the form of chemical weathering, which occurs mainly in granites and is referred to as Wollsackverwitterung. Here, the weathering attacks the parent rock, particularly in the existing fractures, resulting in a classification of weathered rock mass into individual blocks.