L. Frank Baum
Lyman Frank Baum ( born May 15, 1856 in Chittenango, New York, † May 6, 1919 in Los Angeles ) was an American writer. He wrote the classic children's book The Wonderful Wizard of Oz ( The Wonderful Wizard of Oz ) and 13 continuation novels set in the imaginary world of magic from him Oz.
Tree German-born father, Benjamin Ward tree, was a successful businessman and had made with oil fields in Pennsylvania a large fortune, and so spent his childhood tree in the luxurious estate Rose Lawn. For his 15th birthday his father gave him a printing press, the tree awoke interest in writing. In 1882 he married Maud Gage, the daughter of a leading women's rights activist, and moved to South Dakota with her.
Tree dabbled in many areas. He worked in the theater, for newspapers and magazines, presented the patented lubricating oil tree 's Castorine ago, headed the department store tree 's Bazaar and was also temporarily chicken farmer. His first book, which he published in 1886, deals with raising chickens. Tree was also editor of a weekly magazine own, but like most of his business was not particularly successful.
Tree was also active in journalism; get are two newspaper comments 1890 and 1891, in which he demanded to end the conflict with the Native Americans by the "total annihilation ". Here, he started from the assumption that the indigenous people has been done for centuries these wrongs and therefore always must remain a trouble spot. This problem could be one Lord only by a definitive solution.
1891 the family moved to Chicago and tree looking for a new way to earn money. Since he had always thought with joy bedtime stories for his own children and told them this on the bed, he decided to write stories for other children. In his first two books, he told mainly by traditional stories, taking in one of these stories a young girl named " Dorothy " introduced. This led him to the creation of the country of the wonders and joys of Oz In 1900, his book The Wonderful Wizard Of Oz, which was a huge success overnight appeared. Within two years it was adapted as a stage musical, for the tree himself wrote the screenplay. Tree wrote 13 other novels about the wonderful country, where he declared several times to have now completed the series and write no further Oz sequels more. Meanwhile, he turned to many other children's stories to, among other things, under the pseudonym Edith Van Dyne. Due to the high demand for more Oz novels and letters because of the many children he continued the series but continued again and again.
On September 4, 1892, he joined the Theosophical Society and followed in 1895 after the split of the same due to the Judge Case of the Theosophical Society in America. Several of his essays and books treated theosophical topics.
Lyman Frank Baum died in 1919 in Hollywood. He has published over 60 books in his life.
The Oz novels
For more Oz - related works tree
- The Magical Monarch of Mo ( 1896)
- Santa Claus - The Adventurous Life of Santa Claus, Santa Claus 1993/Der or the adventurous life of Santa Claus, 2010 ( Original title: The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus, 1902)
- Queer Visitors from the Marvelous Land of Oz (1905, comic strip, illustrated 27 stories )
- The Woggle -Bug Book: The Strange Adventure of the Woggle -Bug (1905 )
- Little Wizard Stories of Oz (1913, Collection of 6 short stories )
- All about the Wizard of Oz Europe -Verlag, Hamburg 2003, ISBN 3-203-75550-5.
- Thomas Gevaert: Ways to Oz radio documentary on Lyman Frank Baum, Alexander Volkov and Leonid Wladimirsky, Production: Southwest Broadcasting 2009 First broadcast: June 21, 2009, SWR 2