La Ciotat [ ˌ lasjota ː ] ( Provence La Ciutat or La Ciéuta for "the City ") is a port and industrial city with 33 738 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2011) in southern France on the Riviera in the department of Bouches -du- Rhone, about 30 km east of Marseille. The city is dominated by the Bec de l' Aigle, a reddish rocks (155 m). In the sea off the city of the island of Île Verte is located.
La Ciotat is part of the Urban Community of Marseille Provence Métropole, a national administrative community of communities in the Greater Marseilles. With 31 927 inhabitants, La Ciotat is the second largest suburb of the metropolis. La Ciotat is also the main town ( chef-lieu ) of the canton of the same to the next Ciotat La Ciotat nor the municipality belongs.
In Roman times it was known as Citharista.
Self-employed, the place was only in the year 1429th At that time, at the urging of the residents after independence, the area of Ciotat, to that the place had heard up to that point, divided and a separate community built La Ciotat. From then on, the town developed rapidly: there were built and a church was erected fortifications. The trade performed well as a result of the installation of a port.
From La Ciotat to Cassis the Corniche des Crètes, a panoramic road with fantastic views of the sea leads down from high cliffs. The most famous rock is the cap canaille.
Through twinning La Ciotat is connected to
- Bridgwater in the English county of Somerset, since 1957
- Kranj in Slovenia since 1958
- Singen ( Hohentwiel ) in the south of Baden-Württemberg since 1968
- Torre Annunziata in Campania ( Italy), since 2005
Sons and daughters
- Albert Londe (1858-1917), a photographer, a pioneer of X-ray Photography
- Louis -Joseph Maurin (1859-1936), Cardinal, Archbishop of Lyon (1916-1936)
- René Donoyan ( born 1940 ), football goalkeeper
- Olivier Dahan (born 1967 ), film director
Connected to the city
- The Lumière brothers turned some of her first films in La Ciotat.
- The architect Pierre Bossan (1814-1888) spent his last years in La Ciotat and gathered a group of architects and artists around.
The Lumière brothers were shooting in La Ciotat, where the family had a residence in 1895 some of her first films:
- The arrival of a train at the station in La Ciotat (L' Arrivée d'un train en gare de La Ciotat )
- Babies breakfast ( Repas de bébé ) and
- The coated gardener.
They did in the Bay of La Ciotat first color photographs. In the city is also home to the oldest surviving theater, the Eden.
1907 allowed Ernest Pitiot his friend Jules Le Noir, who suffered from rheumatism on to play a game of Jeu Provençal in La Ciotat on a shorter distance. This was the birth of the bowling game pétanque, which owes its name to the Provencal words " ped tanca " (closed feet ).
In La Ciotad the steamship Ville de La Ciotat ( 6461 GRT) was built in 1892 in the shipyard Chantiers Navals.