La Paz Department (Bolivia)
The Bolivian department of La Paz is located in the west of the country on the border of Peru and covers 133,985 km ² and has 2,706,351 inhabitants ( 2012). The main cities are the city of La Paz ( the capital of the department and the seat of government of Bolivia ) and the neighboring El Alto.
The largest part of the department is part of the high plateau of the Altiplano. To him belongs the Bolivian Share on Lake Titicaca and the up to 6600 m high Cordillera Real. Northeast of the Cordillera are the Yungas, two elongate valleys on the eastern slopes of the Andes, which form the transition to the Amazon lowlands. They are only about 1000 m above sea level and are the main supplier for the supply of La Paz and El Alto with fruits and vegetables.
Southwest of the capital is the important ruins of Tiahuanaco.
The inhabitants of the department has quadrupled in the last fifty years, from 854 079 (1950 ) over 1,465,078 (1976) and 1,900,786 (1992 ) to 2,350,466 (2001) and now 2,706,351 ( census 2012)
1552146 Of the 2,350,466 inhabitants of the department of La Paz at the time of the census of 2001, there were 798 320 in urban and in rural areas. The urban population lives mostly in the two cities of La Paz and El Alto. 77.46 % of the population over 15 years old ( 70.19 % in urban and 92.47 % in rural areas ) counted himself amongst the members of Native American peoples. The majority of them belongs to the Aymara, the main settlement area is the La Paz Department, together with the neighboring Oruro Department and the adjoining areas of Peru. Data from the 2001 census, according to rule 88.47 % of the population over 6 years old, the Spanish language ( 96.69 % in urban and 72.25 % in rural areas ).
The La Paz Department is divided into 20 provinces (after the name of the province followed, the population at the time of the 2001 census ):
Overall result in the department of La Paz in the regional elections of April 4, 2010:
In the department of La Paz, there are the ruins of Tiahuanaco, one of the world's most famous sights. Also, the Titicaca Lake and the mountain region of the Chacaltaya are visited by thousands of tourists.