Lake Edward

The Eduardsee ( Lake Edward ), which is also called Rutanzigesee, located in East Africa, mostly in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Nordosteil lies in Uganda.

East of the great Central African emerging and west of the Uganda highlands lies the lake, which is part of the East African grave breach, just south of the Rwenzori Mountains. While the Eduardsee by many small streams and rivers fed (including the Rutshuru and Rwindi ), is his only outlet of the Semliki, which leaves the lake on the northwest shore to continue north to flow into Lake Albert. In the east it is connected by the river with the Kazinga Lake George. It has a maximum length of 65 km and a maximum width of 38 km.

Henry Morton Stanley discovered the fish-rich lake in 1876 new for the UK, visited him in 1889 and named it after Albert Edward, the then Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII ).

When Idi Amin ruled Uganda, called the lake in this country Idi Amin or Lake Idi Amin Dada lake.

The administration takes over in Congo Virunga National Park and Uganda Queen Elizabeth National Park.


The Eduardsee shares its fauna largely with the Lake George. Both lakes are inhabited 35-40 tilapia, all of which are endemic to five, ie they are only found here. In addition to the cichlids 27 other species of fish. Of these, only two are endemic. All non-endemic fish are also found in the Nile and its tributaries. Among the invertebrates, two endemic mollusc species and two endemic mollusc subspecies were discovered. The non- endemic mollusc fauna is also used in Semliki, the White Nile on Lake Victoria, in Lake Albert and Lake Turkana ago. Fishing in Eduardsee aimed primarily at Tilapiaarten on spiked catfish ( Bagrus ), predatory catfish ( Clarias ) and the Ethiopian lungfish ( Protopterus aethiopicus ).