Lake Manassarovar

The lake Manasarovar ( Tibetan: མ་ཕམ་གཡུ་མཚོ; Wylie: ma - pham g.yu - mtsho; Sanskrit मानस सरोवर Manasa Sarovara; Chinese玛旁雍错/玛旁雍错), is located in the district Purang, Government District Ngari on top of the world in the southwest of Tibet Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China.


The between the mountain ranges Trans Himalayas ( in the north) and Himalayan location ( in the south) Manasarovar is one of the highest fresh water lakes in the world with a height of 4590 meters above sea level. He has a water surface of 412 km ² and an average of up to 77 meters deep. The lake is located on a plateau by the striking mountain Kailash ( 6714 m) and Mandhata Gurla ( 7728 m) is framed. It is separated by a narrow ridge of the lying west of it Rakshastal Lake. At high water levels when the snow melts, water can flow through a Ganga Chhu said trough in about 15 m below Rakshastal.

Four major rivers originate in the immediate vicinity of the lake:

  • Satluj in the west, where sufficient water in Rakshastal and at high tide on the link Wadi Ganga Chu Manasarovar
  • Indus in the north,
  • Brahmaputra ( Yarlung Zangbo River ) in the east and
  • Karnali in the south.


In Tibetan, the lake Mapham Yutsho means (Tibetan: ma pham g.yu mtsho ); the name means " invincible Turquoise Lake ". The Chinese term Mǎpáng Yōngcuò玛旁雍错(also: Mǎfǎ Mùcuò玛法 木 错) is borrowed from the Tibetan. More Tibetan name for the lake are Tshochen Mapham Yutsho, Mapham Tsho, Tsho Rinpoche, Pema Lhatsho and ( " Divine Lotus Lake "). " Manasarovar " is Sanskrit, composed of manas "mind" and sarovar "lake"; a further Sanskrit name is Anavatapta.

The lake is " invincible " or " none " because only its water which is said to have "eight properties perfect water": cool, sweet, light, soft, clear, pure, neither stomach nor throat irritant. It also means " forever cool " because of the water god ( naga ) Anavatapta ( Pali: Anotatta, Tibetan: Mazhoiba; " the never heated " ) is to live here. The term " divine lotus Lake " is based on a comparison of the water area with an open lotus flower.

Religious significance

Manasarovar is a sanctuary of the Hindus and the Buddhists, and so is also an important destination for pilgrims. He is one of the three holy lakes in Tibet. According to the Hindu mythology, the lake was devised by God Brahma ( " manas "). In the Hindu epic Ramayana states:

Along the shore of the lake formerly located in accordance with the eight spokes of the Buddhist Lebensrads the gompas ( monasteries ) Chiu ( on a rock ) constructed Cherkip, Langpona, Bönri, Seralung, Yerngo, Trügo and Gossul ( also on a rock built ), of which five still exist. The trail on the traditional pilgrimage route measures 103 km ( Manasarovar Parikrama ), for the pilgrims need between two and four days.

While in mysticism the Manasarovar the attributes are light, positive and masculine connected, the attributes, these are dark, negative and female western neighbor Raksastal. Since the two lakes are seen by Tibetans as a groom and bride, it is considered auspicious if the connecting channel Ganga Chu leads water.


The lake is named after the Bollywood movie reunion at Lake Manasarovar, Anup Kurian ( 2004).

Manasarovar ( "Ocean of thoughts " ) is moreover the title of a collection of 205 of a total of about 350 short stories by the Indian writer Premchand ( 1880-1936 ).