Lancaster ( called the Red Rose City ) is a city in the south of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania and the county seat of Lancaster County. From the big cities Philadelphia, Baltimore, Harrisburg and Washington DC it is 55-140 miles away.
1709 could be in the region of the first settlers down. 1749 James Hamilton bought the land and began building the city, which he had already planned from 1730. Lancaster was named by the English immigrant John Wright after his home town in the UK.
After the Continental Congress in 1777 had to flee Philadelphia he met on September 27 in Lancaster, that was so formal capital of the 13 American colonies. The next day the Congress moved on to York. From 1799 to 1812 Lancaster was capital of Pennsylvania, but it was compiled in its present form until 1818.
The Fulton Opera House from 1852 is reportedly the oldest theater in the United States with continuous operation. The Soldiers and Sailors Monument on the Penn Square in the center reminds just northwest of the fallen soldiers in wars the U.S. armed forces, the historic Central Market and the WW Griest Building are of it. In addition, Lancaster has a number of other names entered in the National Register of Historic Places objects.
2000 were counted 56 348 inhabitants, in 2005 only 54 757. The average household income was 29 770 U.S. dollars, the average age of 30 years.
24.34 % of the population is Puerto Rican descent, which is the highest rate in Pennsylvania. The second largest group are typical of the area, with 20.9% descendants of German immigrants.
In comparison to the environment, the unemployment rate in Lancaster is relatively high at 7.8%, in the southeastern parts of the city it was in 1999 in some cases even above 10%. At the same time were in the County only 4.9% unemployed. Between 1999 and 2002, around 34,900 new jobs will be created, yet many people live, especially in the southeast, on the breadline.
In Lancaster, the Franklin & Marshall College is a college that was named after Benjamin Franklin and John Marshall. Those seeking a degree to become a teacher in Lancaster County, is mostly to neighboring Millersville University ( Lancaster County also ) drive.
Sons and daughters of the town
- John D. Anderson Jr. ( b. 1937 ), engineer
- Benjamin Smith Barton (1766-1815), botanist
- Beth Behrs ( born 1985 ), actress
- Charles Demuth (1883-1935), painter
- Andrew Feustel Jay (born 1965 ), astronaut
- Jennifer Gareis (born 1970 ), actress
- John Gibson ( ≈ 1740-1822 ), two-time Territorial Governor of Indiana
- Jonathan Groff ( born 1985 ), actor
- Carla Kihlstedt (born 1971 ), musician
- Rya Kihlstedt (born 1970 ), actress
- Bob Lutz ( b. 1947 ), tennis player
- Alexander McNair (1775-1826), Governor of Missouri
- Peck Morrison (1919-1988), jazz musician
- John Fulton Reynolds (1820-1863), Major General of the U.S. Army, killed at the Battle of Gettysburg
- Robert Smith (1757-1842), politician, 2nd Secretary of the Navy and 6th Secretary of State
- Simon Snyder (1759-1819), third Governor of Pennsylvania
- Richard Winters (1918-2011), U.S. Army Major
- Jenkin Whiteside (1772-1822), U.S. Senator for Tennessee
- John Wise (1808-1879), balloonist
- Location in Pennsylvania
- Location in North America
- Lancaster ( Pennsylvania)
- County Seat in Pennsylvania