Land tenure

Under a landowner is understood today the owner of a large agricultural sector that can also be associated with other sectors such as dairy or acquisition mill. The difference to a farmer ( Bauer) is the one in the farm size (from about 100 ha), on the other hand, in social status.

This also stems from the historical development here, the former operator of the large estates were partially the actual property rule, partly they held most administrative functions and the management of the neighboring village. See also Laird.

The term peasant landowner called, for example in Saxony, the owner of the well into the 19th century as Altgemeinde the responsibility to the landlord for the village owning Hufner, in contrast to cottagers had the right to decide and, as noted in the village of Rügen, together with the landlord used village judge and perceived by the coming of their number aldermen also. The various regulations adopted in the 19th century, local and municipal regulations managed only from the prerogatives of the Altgemeindemitglieder, but the peasant landowners kept their land.

From the ranks of the peasant landowner came in Saxony numerous members of the rural constituencies of the Second Chamber of the Saxon parliament, the Assembly of the Estates of the Kingdom of Saxony, for example, the landowners, parish council, local judges and state legislators Carl Gottlieb Barth ( 1819-1898 ). The same was true of the winery owners such as Franz Carl Sick Man ( 1790-1860 ).