The Magistrate ( Land and bailiff ) is a Swiss official title.

Originally, the Magistrate (also Landamann, Ammann, Amann ) the chosen leader of the rural community of a self-governing region. In this form, the term existed since the Middle Ages. The name and function of the Landamman was also common in Vorarlberg and Liechtenstein.

During the mediation and the head of government of the Confederation of Switzerland Country Ammann was named.

The Magistrate had originally perceive administrative and jurisdictional responsibilities. In the execution of his duties, he could also adopt binding and non-binding instruments and police commands and prohibitions express (eg Rechtsbote, official messenger ). In the course of the 18th and 19th century as a result of which passes through the idea of ​​enlightenment in the area of constitutional law on the separation of powers and the realization that a Rechtsbot is a jurisdictional act which Landammann its jurisdictional competences had to the courts almost everywhere cede.

In some Swiss cantons, the chairman of the cantonal government Landammann is still called today. These are usually around cantons, which were not a city and surrounding area, but self-managed land areas historically: Uri, Schwyz, Obwalden and, train, Glarus, Appenzell both, Aargau and Solothurn. The usual female name is Mrs. Landammann.

Landammann Stauffacher is a historical Swiss film, which is set during the Battle of Morgarten. He was shot in 1941 under the direction of Leopold Lindtberg with Heinrich Gretler and Anne -Marie Blanc.