Languages of Ghana

The official language of Ghana is English, so a language that is only for a tiny minority of Ghanaians native language. Reason for the choice of English as the official language is the extremely large number of different languages ​​and dialects in Ghana. Northern and southern Ghana are linguistically isolated here also by belonging to different language families, the Gur languages ​​in the north and the Kwa languages ​​in the south.

The number of languages ​​of Ghana

Information on the number of languages ​​of Ghana vary depending on the source of 46 to more than 100

There are several reasons:

Official Languages ​​Literature

Nine languages ​​of Ghana officially promoted and used in the primary and in the secondary school. In these languages, different print products appear:

  • Akan ( with Ashanti, Twi, Fante, Nzima, Akuapem, Akyem - bosome, Kwahu, Ahafo, Asen, ...)
  • Dagaare - Wali
  • Dagbani
  • Dangme
  • Ewe
  • Ga
  • Gonja
  • Kasem

Traffic languages ​​of Ghana

In addition to the English as the official language act three African languages ​​as languages ​​of communication:

  • In southern Ghana, the influence of the Akan of the over eight million native speakers goes beyond, as several million people speak it as a second language.
  • In eastern Ghana Ewe is widespread.
  • In western Ghana, the Mòoré - Dagbani has the function of a lingua franca.
  • Among the Muslims, and in northern and central Ghana is often used between the Hausa ethnic groups and Fulfulde.

List by number of speakers

The following list is sorted in descending order according to the number of speakers of languages ​​in Ghana.