Latins (Italic tribe)
The Latins were a main stem of the Italians, closely related to the Faliskern. They immigrated to an unspecified date to be determined, perhaps at the beginning of the 1st millennium BC, the territory of modern Italy. The Latin language was with the rise of Rome to world language.
The settlement area of the Latins was located on the lower reaches of the Tiber. The landscape got its name Latium after the tribe. In the Roman tradition, the term ' Latins ' on Latinus, the king of the mythical Aboriginal is returned.
There was a bunch of Latin cities under the leadership of Alba Longa, a unifying element was the cult of Jupiter Latiaris. More Latin cities were Aricia, Astura, Bovillae, Circei, Gabii, Lanuvium, Lavinium, Praeneste, Tarracina, Tibur and Tusculum. In Latium there were also the cities of Antium and Velitrae ( Volsci ), Ardea ( Rutulians ) and later the Roman colony of Ostia.
In the 6th century BC, the Latins were still significantly more powerful than Rome, but the destruction of Alba Longas dated in his later tradition in the 7th century, and as substantiated his claim to power. In the two Latinerkriegen called to Rome fought for supremacy over Latium: In the 4th century BC, it gained the upper hand and dictated a contractual arrangement whereby trade only ' on Rome ' takes place. The victory of Rome in the Second Latinerkrieg ( 340-338 ) marked an important step beyond the expansion of Roman power over the land borders of the municipal area.
The Latin communities in the immediate neighborhood of Rome was attended by the Italian allies of Rome a special position ( the so-called Latin rights ). Their citizens were equal to the Romans under private law and were allowed to vote in the Roman People's Assembly. You acquired through relocation to Rome Roman citizenship.
There was also a second group of municipalities with Latin rights: These were the settlements, which docked Rome as colonies. The citizens of these colonies enjoyed roughly the same rights as the Altlatiner (so-called Latinity ). Such colonies with Latinerrecht there were, especially in Spain, North Africa and Southern France.