Latvian alphabet

The Latvian alphabet based on the Latin alphabet and includes additional diacritics.

The letters

Aa aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ee Ff Gg Cc Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Kk Ll ïî Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Rr Ss nn ss tt uu uu vv zz zz


Macron (Aa Ee Uu ïî )

For all vowels except the O it is the macron, which denotes a long pronunciation of the vowel. In contrast, all vowels are pronounced without macron short. Especially for German ears that is often unfamiliar. Example: the nominative of Riga, the a is pronounced short, unlike the locative: Riga ( German meaning: in Riga). Here, both vowels are long.

The O exists of the debate here in three variants: short, long, or as a diphthong [ uo ], which are all represented by the same letter.


The letters č, š and ž contain a caron.

The debate is:

  • č as ch
  • š as sch
  • ž such as Journal

Comma ( substring )

The letters ģ ( large: Ģ ) ķ, ļ ņ and contain a comma.

The debate is:

  • ģ as dj, not as dsch in jeans or as the Russian soft " g" as in Евгений
  • ķ also do not like the soft k in Russian, but as tj
  • ļ as lj
  • ņ as nj
  • Latvian language
  • Alphabet