Laurent Fabius ( born August 20, 1946 in Paris ) is a French politician and Minister of Foreign Affairs of France since May 2012. 17 July 1984 to 20 March 1986, he was prime minister of France. From 1992 to 1993 he was First Secretary ( Chairman) of the Socialist Party. From 1988 to 1992, and from 1997 to 2000 he was President of the National Assembly. From 2000 to 2002 he was Minister of Economy, Finance and industrial development.
Background and Career
Born the son of a Parisian antique dealer, André Fabius (1908-1984), who himself converted him and his wife from Judaism to Christianity, brought up in the Catholic faith, he spent his school years in the Paris schools Janson -de- Sailly and the Lycée Louis- le -Grand. He attended two elite high schools, the Institut d' études politiques first in Paris ( Agrégé degree in philosophy ), then ENA graduating class of François Rabelais ( 1971-1973 ). After graduation he joined in 1973 the civil service and was auditor and 1981 Rapporteur in the State Council.
In 1978 he received a parliamentary seat for the first time. After the victory of François Mitterrand in 1981, he became the person responsible for the budget, subsequently in 1983 Minister of Research and Industry. François Mitterrand appointed him to 37 years in the Office of the Prime Minister to give the necessary austerity a new face and to illustrate the break over its predecessor Premier Pierre Mauroy. Then the Communist Party left the government coalition. With a given as unforgiving in the history of politics, he aimed at an economic boom and a cleanup of the state balance sheet. His policy was mainly due to measures against inflationary trends and unemployment.
On the night of July 10, 1985 the ship Rainbow Warrior was blown up by the French DGSE intelligence service, with a staff of Greenpeace, Fernando Pereira died. The Government of New Zealand protested against this scandal. In a criminal case of manslaughter was determined against the French secret services. Due to massive pressure and incontrovertible evidence, Laurent Fabius recognized on September 22 to the debt of France and called for the resignation of his defense minister Charles Hernu.
After protest movements, he was a reform of the private schools to which he had undertaken, and resulted in the parliamentary elections, a proportional representation. So went the first time in 1986 right-wing National Front party in the National Assembly, accompanied by an election defeat for the Socialists. Laurent Fabius resigned, Jacques Chirac took office: there was the first cohabitation.
His remark in a televised confrontation with Chirac: " You talk to the Prime Minister of France " sparked a controversy that led to the strengthening of the control of such debates by journalists. In proceedings for infection by HIV - contaminated blood products before the Court of Justice of the Republic, which dragged on for years, was initially determined against him, he was ultimately acquitted.
As a devoted faithful of François Mitterrand Laurent Fabius in 1988 elected President of the National Assembly, and from 1992 to 1993 First Secretary ( = President) of his party. This period was marked by rivalry with Lionel Jospin to the majority within the party. That was in 1995 elected to the party's candidate for the presidential elections and appointed Prime Minister in 1997. In the same year, Laurent Fabius, the presidency of the National Assembly was entrusted again.
When the provisional successor to Dominique Strauss- Kahn, Christian Sautter, left the government of the third cohabitation, Laurent Fabius took over the position of the Minister of Economy, Finance and industrial development. A post he retained until the election defeat of the socialists in 2002. Personally, he went out of the election for the XII. Legislative period (2002-2007) emerged as the re-elected MP for the constituency of Seine- Maritime.
With its rejection of the draft European Constitution, he rated as too economically liberal, he sparked a controversial debate within the Socialist Party and the European Parliament. The magazine " Le Point " put his famous quote Woody Allen in his mouth: "I say no, but as once more, the question is ...? ", Others claimed he was referring with respect to an election to the presidential candidate of the party in 2007 already position. Some proponents of the approval of the Constitution in the referendum referred to him because of his support of their opponents as opportunists.
Fabius defeated Segolene Royal, candidate of the French Socialist Party for the presidential election of 2007. In November 2006, Royal was elected with over 60 % of the votes of party members for a presidential candidate. In May 2012, he was appointed in the presidential election of the new Prime Minister Jean -Marc Ayrault after the election victory of his intra-party rivals Francois Hollande as Foreign Minister.
Current Offices ( 16 May 2012)
- Since 2002: Member of Parliament ( mandate rests )
- Since 2008: Deputy Mayor of Grand -Quevilly (Seine- Maritime)
- Since 2012: Minister of Foreign and European Affairs of the government of Jean -Marc Ayrault
- Inequality in France ( 1975)
- The heart of the Future (1985 )
- On the way to the sea ( 1990)
- Hurtful Truths (1995 ): Price of the political book 1996
- With a ballad it begins (2003)
- A certain idea of Europe (2004 )
- Grand Commander of the Legion of Honour (2008)
- Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit (1984 )
- Officer of the Ordre national du Québec ( 1986)
- Grand Cross of the Order of Infante Dom Henrique (1987 )
- Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (1990 )
- Grand Cross of Merit of the Republic of Poland ( 1991)
- Grand Cross of the Norwegian Order of Merit (1995 )
- Grand Cross of the Star of Romania ( 1999)
- Grand Silver Medal with Ribbon for Services to the Republic of Austria (1982 )
- Grand Gold Medal with Ribbon for Services to the Republic of Austria (1984 )