Lavant is a municipality in the district of Lienz in Tyrol in Austria with 294 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013). The municipality is located in the judicial district of Lienz.
- 4.1 Population structure
- 4.2 Religion
- 4.3 Demographics
- 5.1 Workplaces and Employees
- 5.2 Tourism
- 5.3 Transport and Infrastructure
- 5.4 Education
- 5.5 Safety and Health
Lavant is located in the southeast ( dark side ) of Lienz east of the regional capital Lienz to 675 m above sea level. A.. The municipality covers 22.55 km ², which Lavant is the tenth smallest municipality in the district of Lienz.
The territory of Lavant extends from the Talniederung der Drau in about 640 m above sea level. A. in the north- east of the village on the slopes of the Lienz Dolomites at an altitude of approximately 2700 meters to the border with the province of Carinthia. The highest peak in the municipal area is the Great wedge tip with 2739 m above sea level. A.. Besides the community has with the savages station ( 2738 m above sea level. A. ), the little wedge tip ( 2712 m above sea level. A. ), the Gamsköpfen ( 2695 m above sea level. A. ), the pit peak ( 2671 m above sea level. A. ) and the high barn ( 2681 m above sea level. A. ) on other mountains over 2500 meters.
In addition to the Drava river flow in the field of Lavant several mountain streams, draining the northern flank of Laserzgruppe. In addition to the woman brook, which forms a powerful, flat alluvial fan in the east of the municipality, these are the village stream (also Auerling or Talbach ), Tiefenbach, the Pernitzenbach, the Tiefenbach and the Hasler Bach. All streams flow into the so-called Laue, a drainage canal, which flows in the municipality of Nikol village in the Drava.
The municipality consists of the same Lavant Katastralgemeinde. Near the village of Lavant the community additionally consists of the hamlet Watch ( 647 m above sea level. A. ).
Lavant ( 22.55 km ²)
The most important of the abbreviations used are:
- M = center of the municipality
- Stt = district
- R = Rotte
- W = hamlet
- D = village
- ZH = Scattered houses
- Sdlg = settlement
- E = bowery (only if they have their own locality code)
The complete list that uses the Statistics Austria, can be found at Topographic settlement Labelling according to STAT
Please note that some places may have different spellings. So Katastralgemeinden write differently than the same localities.
Source: Statistics Austria -
Lavant is adjacent to the following municipalities:
- Doelsach in the North
- Nikol village in eastern
- Lesachtal (Carinthia ) in the south
- Tristach in the West
As in Lavant, there is no station, missing exact records of the climate of the community. However, it is comparable due to the proximity of the settlements to the weather station in the regional capital Lienz with the measured climate data there.
The coldest month of the year in Lienz basin of January, the highest temperatures are measured in the summer months of July and August. The highest rainfall also fall in the summer months, the month of October is almost as rainy. Fog occurs rarely in Lienz basin, but are formed in the winter due to temperature inversions mighty cold air lakes.
Human footprints found in Lavant since the Neolithic period. The Kirchbichl, a 810 meter-high hill in the south of Lavant was inhabited at the time of the Celts. Even in the late period of the Roman Empire this striking mountain spur was settled, which was only a few kilometers east of the city at that time significant Aguntum and in ever more turbulent times offered protection. At that time gemörtelte stone houses were built with underfloor heating.
The first churches were built in the 5th century. No later than one victory over the Slavs an army of Bavarians in Aguntum around the year 610 initiated the preliminary decline of the settlement on the mountain. However, the settlement seems to have not stopped. In the 8th century Lavant reached new importance as a strategically important point.
Since 1381, the Lords of Lavant were depending on the counts of Gorizia. In 1444, the Kirchbichl was attached, of which the gate system and the remains of the castle on the hilltop testify. At the top of Kirchbichl today is a Saint Peter and Saint Paul church dedicated, slightly below is the late Baroque style old Church of St. Ulrich.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of the municipality of Lavant was awarded on April 13, 1976 by the Provincial Government of Tyrol. After the promulgation of 1973 shows the coat of arms: " Left diagonally divided from silver and green with a step, then two reaching to the upper plate edge black columns. The coat of arms symbolizes the Lavanter Kirchbichl with the excavated remains of the early Christian church bishop.
2012 lived in the town of 298 people Lavant, Lavant which was measured by the population, the third smallest municipality in the district of Lienz. According to the 2001 census, 97.5 % of the population were Austrian citizens (Tirol: 90.6 %), by the beginning of 2012, the value decreased only slightly from 96.3 %.
The average age of the municipality 's population in 2001 was well below the national average. 22.5 % of residents of Lavant were younger than 15 years ( Tirol: 18.4%), 61.4 % from 15 to 59 years old (Tirol: 63.0 %). The percentage of residents over 59 stood at 15.7 % below the national average. The average age of the population of Lavant changed significantly as a result. The proportion of under-15s fell by 1 January 2012 to 16.8 %, while the share of people between 15 and 59 years rose to 71.5 %. The proportion of 59 -year-old, however, dropped to 11.7%.
Marital status in 2001 52.8 % of the inhabitants of Lavant 55.7 were single, 36.4 % married, widowed, 5.7% divorced and 2.1%.
(Tirol: 83.4 %) to the Roman Catholic Church in 2001, 96.1 % of the population known, 1.8% were Protestant, 2.1 % had no religious affiliation.
The population of Lavant was coined in the last 150 years of strong fluctuations. Starting from 1869, the population fell to 1910 by 18%, then the population began to rise again, reaching in 1939 a little more than the initial value. Thereafter, the population fell again by 27 % and marked in 1951 with 168 inhabitants, the lowest level. As a result, the population increased to almost done progressively, it came to the strongest increase in the 1990s.
2012 saw the community of Lavant with 298 inhabitants all time highs, with growth in the last decade from a slightly positive birth rate and a slightly positive net migration results. In contrast to the population growth in the district of Lienz in Tyrol and the population growth of Lavant fell below average.
Workplaces and employees
The study conducted as part of the Census Census of 2001 resulted in Lavant 17 workplaces with 99 employees (excluding agriculture ), where 93 % were salaried employees. The number of workplaces showed a rise over the 1991 to six companies ( plus 55%), increased the number of employees by 44 persons (80 %).
The most important industry in 2001 in terms of employment numbers, the construction industry, where a company had 32 employees (32 % of the number of employees ). Of the " mining and quarrying and earth" with two companies and 21 employees ( 21%) The second strongest employer was followed by the " Other community social and personal service " with four work sites and 18 employees ( 18%).
Of the 151 economically active population from Lavant went in 2001 only 39 people in Lavant after their employment. 112 had to commute to work. Of the 47% of commuters had their place of work in the neighboring conurbation Lienz. A further 24 % were found in the rest of the district area a job, another 13 or 14% commuted to North Tyrol or in another state, one of the residents had to commute abroad.
Tourism in Lavant has an important economic impact, although many East Tyrolean municipalities have substantially higher number of overnight stays for the community. However, the tourism intensity (overnight stays per inhabitant ) is in the summer, the second highest in the entire district. Lavant has approximately 42,000 overnight count in tourism year 2011/12. Both for the winter season, as well as for the summer season Lavant recorded since the turn of the millennium enormous Nächtigungssteigerungen. So the nights got into the summer season 2000-2012 of 1,845 to 30,641 overnight stays, in the winter season between 1999 /2000 and 2011/12 from 1,667 to 11,376 overnight stays. Of the 30,641 nights in the summer of 2012, only 12 % were Austrian, German and 79% to 6% in Swiss. The enormous increases in the number of overnight stays are due to the Golf & Resort Dolomites Golf, which opened 27 -hole golf course has a in 2000. In addition, the inn Lavanterhof and several private landlords. Overall, there are in Labant 200 guest beds. Today the community like all other East Tyrol East Tyrol belongs communities for Tourism, with Lavant is organized in the " holiday region Lienz Dolomites ".
Transport and Infrastructure
Lavant is accessible by transport links from the Lavant Road L 318, leading from Lienz Tristach and Lavant until after Doelsach and opens at both ends in the Drau valley road B 100.
To the public transport network Lavant is connected by buses of ÖBB- Postbus GmbH. The line 4404 binds Lavant on work days around ten times to the district capital Lienz, with a journey time of 25 minutes and the route of Lienz Nußdorf and Debant after Stribach, Doelsach and Gödnach leads. An additional connection Postbus GmbH is with the line 4406 that connects Lienz Debant with Doelsach and Nikol village and is also controlled about ten times on weekdays.
The closest connection to the railway network of the Drau Valley Railway is located in the neighboring communities Lienz or Doelsach. Nearest railway stations are the stations in Doelsach or Nikol village on the Drau Valley Railway.
With the neighboring communities of the Lienz basin to Lavant has to come together " Abwasserverband Lienz valley floor ", where the channeling of the community was completed by the district Guard between 2000 and 2001. The waste produced in the community, is disposed of in the Waste Management Association East Tyrol ( AWVO ).
The elementary school was opened in 1782 as in Lavant class elementary school. It was originally located at the Mesnerhaus and moved after a fire in 1875 in a related property of the municipality building. In 1969 the new building of the elementary school, where in addition to the two primary school classes and the kindergarten was housed in the building. In 2000 a renovation of the school and a construction of sports facilities. The elementary school Lavant designated since 1998 as " The Village School at Talbach Lavant ". She pointed out between the school years 2008/ 09 and 2012/13 22-33 children per school year. The main secondary school students attend the Sprengel Debant, the nearest high school is located in Lienz.
Safety and health
After the catastrophic fire in 1875, a fire order of the Lavant church was put into force in 1879. However, it was probably the volunteer fire department established Lavant due to lack of money until October 27, 1889, when in the presence of the 23 founding members and the then District Association chairman. Initially ordered the fire department over a two-horse country driving syringe K 1600 and equipment such as uniforms for 25 man. The first hydrant network went into operation in 1926. By 1939, the municipality amalgamation Volunteer Fire Lavant was dissolved and made available as " fire station Lavant " under the command of the fire police Tristach. 1949 FF Lavant became independent again. 1952, the first fire department was home- based, and purchased the first motor pump. Between 1967 and 1968 was the purchase of the first motorized fire engine. Today, the FF Lavant has a fire station and a small fire truck and a fire truck.
Regarding the health Lavant is organized jointly with the municipalities Doelsach, Islesberg - Stronach, Nikol village and Nussdorf- Debant in " Sozialsprengel Nussdorf- Debant and environment." In Health Care Ward for example health services such as nursing assistance, home and domestic help, hospice and food are organized on wheels.
Culture and sights
- Dolomites Golf
- Volunteer Fire Lavant
- Hunting club
- Church Choir
- Rural Youth
- Riding association Pegasus
- Sportunion Lavant
Recreation and Sports
- Ice Rink
- Football field
- Funcourtanlage with basketball arena
- Golf: 27-hole championship course set against the backdrop of the Lienz Dolomites ( ' Dolomite Golf' )
- Children's Playground
- Stock shooting lane
- Tennis court
- Gymnasium with an indoor climbing wall
- Riding School
In addition, the following sports are: hiking, Nordic walking, running, cycling. In winter, cross-country skiing and sledding.